I’m sure by now you have heard a million times about petroleum Engineering. This a special field of Engineering which is involved with practices concerned with the production of carbons, specifically hydrocarbons which are in turn used as natural gas or crude oil. Scientists usually explore the earth’s surface as well the petroleum engineers which are oil and gas industries. These are the disciplines whose aim is to increase the hydrocarbon from their reservoirs. Petroleum engineering main area of focus is on how to recover these natural resources using a good knowledge of the behavior of water, oil, and gas which are located in the rocks at pressure.
How to become a Petroleum Engineer
First, you have to take high school courses in trigonometry, mathematics and calculus and science courses such as Physics, Biology, and Chemistry.
At the entry level, you will need to have a bachelor’s degree. The Bachelor’a degree, in this case, takes 4 years including laboratory, classroom, as well as field studies. Field studies include thermodynamics, geology, and engineering principles.
In most cases, some universities and colleges offer programs where students can have practical experiences as they finish their education. Others offer a five-year program in mechanical or chemical engineering which will lead to a degree and a master’s degree. For some employers, they would prefer those applicants with a graduate degree. The benefit of a graduate degree is that it allows you to get a job in universities or research fields as an instructor.
- Here are some important qualities and skills needed for a successful petrol engineering career.
- Problem-solving skills – As an engineer, you need to have good skills in solving problems, hence becoming more reliable.
- Creativity – Creativity involves coming up with freshly created ideas in solving engineering problems.
- Analytical skills – petroleum engineers must come up with ideas that make sense.
- Maths skills – you need maths skills such as geometry, calculus among others.
- Interpersonal skills -These are your own skills when in the engineering field of work. You need to be dynamic in all areas.
Best Universities in the World Offering Petroleum engineering
- The University Of Tulsa – School of petroleum engineering
- University of Aberdeen (UK)
- Department of Petroleum Engineering (Leoben, Austria)
- Colorado School of Mines
- University of Oklahoma (the normal campus)
- Texas University- Department of Petroleum Engineering
- The Louisiana State University
- Pennsylvania University
- Missouri University of Science and Technology
- West Virginia University
- Delft University of Technology (Netherlands)
- Polytechnic University of Turin (Italy)
Careers, Jobs, and Salaries in Petroleum Engineering
The median annual earnings for these type of engineers is $128,230. The lowest % is about 73,000 while the highest being $208,000. Here are the median earnings for petroleum engineers:
Jobs and their average salary in the U.S.
Management companies enterprises – $153,320
Engineering services – $140,500
Gas and Oil extraction – $134,440
Coal products and Petroleum manufacturing – $123,580
Support activities in Mining – $106,340
Employment of the petroleum engineers has been projected to grow by 15% in the coming 10 years. However, because it is a small occupation, this fast growth will bring about 4,900 new jobs in a span of 10 years. Here, the major determinant of employment will be the oil prices. this is because many of these engineers work in gas and oil extraction and any changes in process affect their employment levels.
Here, mining activities also need to be strong. This is because, Gas and oil companies will be glad to contract production as well as drilling work to these companies.
Careers Related To Petroleum Engineering
Architectural and Engineering managers-Their work is to plan and direct as well well as coordinating engineering and architectural companies.
Chemical Engineers – They design important processes for large-scale manufacturing companies.
Civil Engineers – They design, supervise, operate, and construct infrastructure projects
Geological Technicians – Provide the needed support to scientists in the exploration and extraction of natural resources.
Geoscientists – They study physical components of the earth and processes from the past, present, and the future.
Industrial engineers – They are supposed to eliminate any time of waste in the production process.
In conclusion, petroleum engineering is a great field to be especially since it is more involved with future projects. This field pays really well with an average person getting around $126,000 annually which is a good amount of money. It is a career that needs a lot of time and dedication also. But in the end, the results will always turn out to favor you. It is a great career to be in.