Petroleum engineering degrees is the engineering branch that deals with drilling, production, recovery and distribution of natural gas and petroleum. Petroleum engineering degrees encompasses knowledge in rocks on the surface and subsurface of the earth, properties of fluids and ways in which the production of oil and natural gas can be exploited. According to U.S Bureau of labor and statistic, petroleum engineers are the highest paid engineers in all disciplines. Petroleum engineering degrees encompasses professionals such as drilling operators and geologist. For one to become a petroleum engineer, he needs to have a bachelor’s degree.
For you to be employed in any firm, you need to have a bachelor’s degree in petroleum engineering. Most educational institutions like universities and colleges offer programs and courses that are accredited by the Accreditation Board of Engineering and technology in petroleum engineering. Most institutions offer a five year degree program of up to 131hours. The course is divided into junior year and senior year. Students must pass their junior year exams in order to be enrolled for their senior year.
Some of the courses offered are advanced mathematics that includes algebra, applied differential equations, trigonometry and calculus, design and integrated courses such as well logging, petroleum production, secondary recovery, Drilling and well completion and petroleum engineering laboratory, and finally science courses like basic sciences, engineering science electives and petroleum engineering science.
A successful petroleum engineer should have natural abilities as this is one of the most demanding engineering disciplines. Some of the individual attributes that a petroleum engineer should have are strong mathematical ability and analytical skills that can enable you to design various drilling equipment’s and solve the many arising drilling problems.
Creativity is another essential ability that will help in designing this equipment’s for different regions and environments. Good communication skills and team is also essential so that you can integrate with other professionals in the field. Petroleum engineers should be prepared to travel for long periods and to adverse conditions.
Like any other degree course, credentials can go a long way to increase your job opportunities together with job security. Being a member of The Society of Petroleum Engineers is one of this credential as you will receive a certificate for it. Petroleum engineers should also work at obtaining a professional engineer license which can be achieved by passing the stipulated two exams together with a four year professional engineering experience. This will help you earn more salary in addition to increasing your job opportunity.
Job Outlook and Salary
Petroleum engineering degrees are the most paying degrees according to U.S Bureau of labor and statistic. An average engineer with a bachelor degree in petroleum engineering earns $114,080 per year which translates to $54.85 per hour. According to Bureau of Labor statistics, Jobs in petroleum engineering degrees are set to grow by 17% through to 2020. This increase is based on the fact that the demand of energy is expected to rise and the available work force is also set to retire. In addition, oil prices will also go a long way in determining employment growth.