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Civil engineering degrees programs are some of the professional courses that are currently in high demand. This is due to vast career opportunities that are available for these engineers. Presently, civil engineers constitute approximately 17% of all the practicing and licensed engineers.

Civil Engineering Degrees Courses

Civil engineering degrees programs are designed to equip the engineering students with sound analytical and management skills. The course programs ensure that the engineers are adequately trained. The training ensures that they are able to apply scientific principles so as to offer perfect solutions in any of the projects they will be undertaking in the future. A civil engineer is expected to complete a four year bachelor degree program that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).

Admission Requirements for Civil Engineering Degrees Programs

Most of the universities require that you must have good grades in Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Chemistry to be admitted to a civil engineering course. Other subjects that you need to work on are Geography, Computer Science and English. These subjects will enable you to have a due advantage over other candidates seeking admission for this engineering course.

Civil Engineering Degree Course Work and Licensing

Civil engineering course work integrates class work with research studies in engineering labs and field activities. Principal courses covered in these programs include Trigonometry, Algebra, Geometry, Technical drawing and Design, Calculus, Physics, Chemistry and Engineering Systems. Other topics that you will cover during the course are Fluid dynamics, Principles of Design and Analysis, Technical Project Management and Computer Science.

It is a requirement that you must be licensed before you start practicing as a civil engineer. The first examination that you have to pass before you are allowed to practice is the Fundamental of Engineering Examination administered by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES). After passing this exam, you will be required for a period of four years under the supervision of a licensed engineer before you sit another professional examination. The second examination: Principles of Engineering Examination for Civil Engineers qualifies you for a civil engineers license.

Civil Engineering Specialties

To specialize in any engineering specialty, you must undertake a graduate program. Some of the engineering specialties that you can opt after passing your bachelor’s degree program are:

  • Environmental Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Construction Materials Engineering
  • Construction Engineering and Management
  • Structural Engineering

Civil Engineering Career Opportunities

Most of the infrastructure and government technical projects are managed by civil engineers. Apart from being employed by Federal and State Government, civil engineers are absorbed in the private sector, research institutes and employed to lecture in the universities. This is as a result of need for more amenities for the ever growing population across the globe. The engineers are required to build new roads, design new estates, water mains, schools, industries and repair damaged or worn-out infrastructure.

Potential Salaries For Engineers

After hard work in college, you expect to get a good employment and attractive pay package. Civil engineers are one of the highly paid professionals across the globe and more so in the United States of America. Due to intense competition and demand for engineers in the labor market the salaries for civil engineers widely varies. However, with the information available at The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (bls.gov), the average annual salaries for civil engineers in 2010 were $77,560. The current estimate reveals that the highest paid civil engineers earn approximately $119,320 annually. While their lowest paid counterparts, earns slightly below $50,560 annually. This scenario is most likely to change drastically as the need for the engineers upsurge due to natural disasters and other already mentioned developments.

Opting for this career path is a smart dedication. All it requires is adequate preparation as it is quite involving and demand for a creative mind set to succeed.

Engineering is one field that can be extremely fruitful in the long run. If you are a student and have a knack for science, it could be your potential field for higher studies that can lead to a fulfilling career. Engineering is all about using Science as a tool to solve real life problems. In the real world, it also happens to be one of the most well paid jobs in the industry since there is constant innovation in this field.

Types of online engineering degrees

Since engineering is a discipline like Art, there are also many branches of the genre of education. There are four basic types of engineering- chemical, mechanical, electrical, and civil engineering.

Acquiring a degree in these forms of engineering takes four years, irrespective of which type of engineering you choose.

Chemical engineering deals with converting basic raw materials into an end product that can be put to use. It is concerned with the design and operation of plants and equipments used in the process of this conversion.

Mechanical engineering is all about using the principles of Physics and materials in science for designing, analyzing and maintaining mechanical systems.

Electrical engineering is the study of electronics, application of electricity and electromagnetism. It deals with problems associated with electric power transmission electrical machines.

Other sub-types of engineering include biomedical engineering, nuclear engineering, aeronautical engineering, marine engineering, environmental engineering etc.

How to Apply For Online Engineering Degrees

Owing to the large scarcity of engineers in the United States, Universities in the country have stepped it up to meet the growing demand of engineering, therefore, they have started offering various online engineering courses to make both the enrollment and education process all the more simpler.

All you need to do is choose a university that offers such courses and apply there, submitted the required documents and meeting the eligibility criteria. Since it’s an online course, you’re left free with ample time. Hence, it is always advisable to take up as many engineering internship programs as you can. This not only adds credit to your resume but also gives you hands on experience which will be helpful in future if you plan on taking up engineering as a full time career.

Potential salaries and future outlook for engineering graduates

Engineering off late, has emerged as one of the fastest growing field with great career opportunities for individuals. Civil engineers on an average get paid around a whooping $77,560 per year and $37.29 per hour as per 2010 statistics. For an entry level job the education required in this field is just a bachelor’s degree without work experience. The numbers of jobs available as of 2010 were 262,800 and the predicted growth for job outlook between the years 2010 – 2020 is up by 19%. Electrical engineers as of 2013 get paid between $ 50,863 – $107,965 per year and $14 – $31 on an hourly basis. A bachelor’s degree is enough for an entry level job. A mechanical engineer gets paid around $82000 annually and $35 -$45. A chemical engineer gets paid around $138,561 – $1,173,282 annually and $16 – $40. To get an entry level job a bachelor’s degree is sufficient. [Reference for stats found at bls.gov using data from 2010]

Engineering is touted to be one of the main avenues of future growth since in this profession there is less attrition as compared to any other profession worldwide. Overall engineering employment is predicted to grow about 11 percent largely due to growth in environment engineering sector.

Chemical engineering can be defined as a branch of chemistry plus engineering that also involve physical science and biology or biological science. Chemical engineering also incorporates other fields of study including mathematics, production, economics, transportation, transformation as well as usage of chemicals, molecules, energy and materials. Chemical engineers normally use various chemical processes to help find creative and innovative methods of producing goods thus help improve the lives of people. In most universities, the degree program runs for a period of 4 years to 5 years. An individual who has graduated with a bachelor degree in chemical engineering normally earns a median pay of $90,300 (according to the 2010 bureau of labor statistics).

Areas involved in chemical engineering

Chemical engineering degree normally requires students with a strong background in mathematics, chemistry and other relevant sciences. The degree is also offered in a wider context touching on other issues such as finance, ethics and environment. The course involves lectures, seminars, laboratory practical work and computer simulation practical.

Research also plays an important role chemical engineering degree. Research is normally carried out in the fields of health care, manufacturing, cosmetics, food, fuel and energy, waste management and textile among others.

Specialties in chemical engineering are normally in three major areas.These are as follows:

Biochemical engineering –  it mainly lays emphasis on biochemical industry and has also been involved in pre-medical program.

Environmental engineering – its main emphasis is on environmental issues such as waste management, waste minimization and pollution control.

Materials engineering – this field mainly lays emphasis on production of different materials used in the market such as cosmetics.

Jobs and specialties in chemical engineering

There are different jobs that suit a chemical engineering degree graduate. These include:

  • Energy engineer
  • Petroleum engineer
  • Chemical engineer
  • Production or process development scientist/engineer

Other relevant and realistic positions for a chemical engineering degree graduate can also hold include:

  • Manufacturing engineer
  • Production engineer
  • Quality manger
  • Materials engineer

Prospects of chemical engineering

Chemical engineering degree help develop numerous skills that are not only critical in the field of engineering but also other sectors such as financial services, information technology and management. In most states, up to 50% of chemical engineering graduates get employed within the first six months after their graduation. This includes those employed within the country and also those employed overseas. They become managers in the industrial sector, public sector and also commercial sector in areas such as mining, energy and manufacturing. Some venture into finance and business associate profession and become underwriters, estimators and valuers, brokers, investment analysts and claims assessors. A few numbers normally enter other careers such as information technology, marketing, sales and advertising as well as other technical and professional occupations.

Chemical engineering degree is one of the fields that highly contribute to the growth and development of many nations and societies around the world. It produces graduates with numerous skills most employers seek. However, graduates must demonstrate their attributes and ability to deliver and not only the degree discipline. Personal attributes and skills involve all the skills developed in the course and other activities such as volunteering, family responsibilities, paid work, leadership roles, membership of societies, sports among others. These help market an individual and improve their profiles in the job market.

Computer Engineering is a curriculum dedicated to the design and development of computer hardware components and the software that affects these components. It was originally categorized under electrical engineering, however, its scope has extended beyond traditional electrical engineering, and it now includes some aspects of computer science. The courses can be divided further into several concentrations.

Types of Computer Engineering Degrees

Computer Systems Architecture

This branch is concerned with the development of various computer components, and how they operate as a system.

Signal, Image and Speech Processing

This focuses on the evaluation of both analog and digital transmissions. This also includes the filtering and analysis of data.

Logic Formulation

This study focuses on how computer systems work on a binary system and definite rules of logic. The computer components work based on their basic building blocks called the logic gates.

Embedded Systems

This is the development of embedded systems that are contained in electronic gadgets. These are independent computer systems designed to perform a definite purpose.

Interface Design

This study focuses on the development of interface methods to improve human’s interaction with the computers. These can include keyboards, mouse, touch screen, voice recognition and other peripherals.

Operating Systems

This branch is concerned with the development of operating systems which plays an integral part in the operation of a computer. Without it, the hardware component will be basically useless.

Software Engineering

This study focuses on the development of compatible software to match the hardware component.

Coding, Cryptography and Information Protection

This study is focused on the development of various protection mechanisms to control data tampering.

Multimedia Computing

This is focused on the compression and decompression of text, music, speech, image and video into a comprehensible data, including the proper management, coding-decoding methods and proper display.

Computer Assisted Design

The design and development of new hardware components using a computer software.

Computer Organization

This is the study that focuses on the computer’s functionality half-way between digital logic and operating system levels.

Digital Systems

This is the study of the operational levels of a digital computer. It encompasses the study of the mechanical parts, logical elements and functional units.

Electromechanics

The study of a mechanical device that is operated electronically.

Computational Science and Engineering

This is focused on the formulation of methods to solve complicated mathematical problems.

Networks

This study is focused on the design and implementation of local and wide area networks, in a much general sense.

Communications and Wireless Networks

This branch is concerned with the design and development of communications over wireless networks, including transmission and security protocols.

VLSI systems (very large scale integrated circuits)

The design and development of tools and properties for miniaturized electronic devices.

Computer Vision and Robotics

The development of visual sensor technology to give a better analysis than an individual view. Robotics is focused on the design and development of robots.

With the continuous development of technology, one need not wonder if there will be some additions to these already long list on the fields of computer engineering. The numerous possibilities that one can do with a computer has made it necessary to divide it on a relatively small, but complicated aspects.

Electrical engineering is a profession that applies scientific theory to develop and design new technologies in electronics. Around the globe, there are a number of universities and engineering schools offering such degrees. You can even pursue this degree through online degree programs if you so choose. To pursue an electrical engineering degree, you must have a strong creative mind and must also be good in math and science. Here in this article we will help future electrical engineers around the globe the to know the specific types of electrical engineering degrees that offered by engineering schools and universities.

Types of Electrical Engineering Degrees

There are various types of electrical engineering degrees offered by engineering schools and you can choose the specialization you’re interested. To be an electrical engineer you must at least hold a B.S in the electronic field. Here are some of the specializations that you might want to choose to focus on.

Electronic Engineering

A degree in Electronic Engineering involves the study of hydro, natural sources of engineering such as solar, wind and electronics products such as TV, mobile, communication devices etc. An electronic engineering degree offers immense job opportunities in developing new electronic applications.

Mechatronics Engineering

Mechatronics engineering can lead to jobs in fields that include automotive, HVAC, nanotechnology, aeronautics, nanotechnology and nuclear engineering. To pursue this degree, you must be good at technical drawing, physics, and math. You must also know the basics of kinematics, hydraulics and fluid dynamics.

Avionics Engineering

If you’re passionate about designing space shuttles, rockets and aircraft. Then you can choose a degree in Avionics Engineering. Among the top employers of aerospace engineers in the world is NASA. As an avionics engineer you can work with various electronic components in many different types of aircraft.

Biomedical-Electronics Engineering

Biomedical-electronics engineering is a field in which people work on building new machines and improving the technology in MRI, X-Ray, artificial limbs and hearts, etc. If you’re passionate about the development of new products in the medical field, then this degree is one that’s worth looking into.

Mechanical engineering is the oldest, broadest and largest of all other engineering disciplines, and it’s also on our list of best engineering degrees. It is generally referred to as the mother of engineering. A mechanical engineer can design, build, test and produce any machine or device. From robots and integrated circuits, to race cars and power stations, the mechanical engineering discipline is on the cutting edge of technology. Mechanical engineering is a diverse subject and deals with the design and manufacture of machines and other devices. It is a huge and varied subject with the following sub-disciplines.

Types of Mechanical Engineering Degrees

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering is a branch of mechanical engineering which deals with the designing and construction of aircraft. It is an exciting profession as it is focused on the development and use of various technologies relevant to a rapidly changing, high-tech industry. When compared to other fields of mechanical engineering aerospace engineering is complex and highly demanding.

Acoustical Engineering

This is rather an excellent degree to choose for those who want wider prospects for scientific and engineering career options. It is a branch of engineering that basically deals with the measurement and analysis of sound and vibration. Acoustical engineers apply the science of sound and vibration to real world technologies.

Manufacturing Engineering

It is a discipline of engineering that involves the designing, analyzing and applying of manufacturing techniques and methods for the production of quality products at cost-effective prices. In short it encompasses all aspects of manufacturing a product. It is an interface between the design and the actual product. Manufacturing engineers design the product and decide how to build the product after designing.

Thermal Engineering

This is related to the study of systems that transfer heat between two medians and the conversion of heat into other useful forms of energy. It is one of the most lucrative fields as thermal engineering is important to design any machine. Thermal engineers focus on thermodynamics, design of heating and cooling equipment and power management.

Production Engineering

This is a unique branch of engineering which deals with techniques and tools used in manufacturing industries. In short it is a combination of manufacturing technology with management science. It is also a fast growing engineering stream.

Vehicle Engineering

Vehicle engineering comprises of automobile engineering, marine engineering and the aeronautical engineering. It deals with the study related to the design, manufacture and operation of systems that drives and controls vehicles.

Branches of vehicle engineering:

  • Automotive Engineering – The rising popularity of automotive engineering is due to the increasing demand for vehicles. It guides to a better understanding of the mechanics of vehicle chassis, combustion engine, workshop technology, research and design. It deals with the design, construction and maintenance of automobile and its spare parts.
  • Naval Architecture Engineering – This is a discipline of engineering that deals with the design, development and maintenance of marine vessels and the related structures.

A mechanical engineering degree can take you a long way. It makes you stay abreast of the latest trends and technological advances. Yes, you will find your skills in demand in a variety of fields.

an engineer at work

Engineering is a discipline, profession, and art that usually applies scientific theory to develop, design and analyze technological solutions. Engineering is a far-reaching field that consists of a number of dissimilar specialties. Most of these specialties have their own educational requirements and each one has its own intricacies and specific knowledge required. If you know the different categories of engineering that you can pursue at your college or university, it will help you to figure out the right degree to pursue so you can reach your goals. The following is a list of the various engineering degrees.

an engineer at workList of Engineering Degrees

Electrical Engineering – Electrical engineers develop, design and test electrical systems. The systems include wiring and lighting in buildings, machines, communication systems, electrical utilities and electrical systems in airplanes and cars. This is the largest field in engineering. Learners who fancy learning how things work, disassembling some electronics and then putting them back together would do well to investigate this particular specialty. [Read More: Types of Electrical Engineering Degrees]

Mechanical Engineering – Mechanical engineers produce and design machines and engines. Many work in aerospace and the automotive industry. They can also work with other machinery like refrigerators, air conditioners, robotics and elevators. The mechanical engineering curriculum looks a lot like an aerospace degree, except classes have broader subjects. [Read More: Types of Mechanical Engineering Degrees]

Aerospace Engineering – A popular branch of mechanical engineering is aerospace engineering. This branch deals specifically with aspects of slight and air and spacecraft.

Automotive Engineering – Another branch of mechanical engineering that people love is automotive engineering. As one might imagine, this branch deals with various forms of wheeled vehicles from motorcycles to big rigs.

Biomedical Engineering – Professionals in this type of engineering center on studying life-based formulae by working with chemistry, genetics and the mechanics of living organisms. Thus, if you are very passionate about using microscopes and studying minute single celled organisms, you might want to pursue this four year degree program.

Architectural Engineering – This arena of engineering focuses on the design and conceptualization of structures like residential homes, bridges, commercial skyscrapers and pretty much any structure. If you would like to enroll for this degree program, you must not only center on designing buildings that are structurally sound, but also know how to tailor their designs in order to meet particular environmental and aesthetic prerequisites. Learners should expect to meet given aesthetic and environmental requirements. In addition, they should expect to receive at least three and half years for graduate and undergraduate schooling to acquire a degree in architectural engineering.

Agricultural Engineering – Even though this type of engineering degree is uncommon, it is rapidly growing among engineering students who are eco-conscious. This degree program will offer you the skills to design implements and outbuildings for farms and handling facilities. If you are interested in working in the green movement, agricultural engineering will offer you the opportunity in a different way than working in alternative energy.

Computer Engineering – These degree trains you to design software and hardware that helps in the development of computers. You will gain a solid understanding of computer and circuitry science, while also learning some major elements of electrical engineering. This will enable to students to select either electrical or computer engineering jobs upon graduation. Even though this 4 to 6 year degree is normally seen as extremely rigorous and difficult, it is in high demand among telecommunications, software and hardware design firms on a global scale.

Civil Engineering – These engineers build roads, buildings, highways, sewage systems, tunnels and many other transportation and construction connected structures. They engage in every aspect of a construction project including safety review, cost estimation, federal regulations and environmental issues. It also has sub-disciplines like construction, structural, geotechnical, transportation and environmental. Those who are interested in things like city planning might find that this degree suits their desires.

Architectural Engineering – Related to civil engineering, you have architectural engineering. This degree incorporates much of the same things as the above degree, with a focus on structures.

Mining Engineering – Mining engineers, as you might imagine, design mines. Some scrutinize underground materials, others design equipment and others work on regulation and safety of the mines. Their purpose is to find the most efficient and safe ways to extract the raw materials that are used in industries around the world.

Nuclear Engineering – This kind of engineer uses knowledge regarding nuclear energy and radiation to construct devices that generate nuclear power. Most of them are employed with nuclear power plants while others work for academic institutions or governments. In nuclear power plants, engineers are responsible for the supervision and operation of the facilities along with maintaining radiation safety.

Chemical Engineering – Students fascinated in both physics and chemistry are best suited for this degree program. These engineers usually maintain and design chemical procedures in a number of roles across different industries. This type of engineer can work in agricultural firms or firms that manufacture pesticides, as well as medical and pharmaceutical companies.

You might also want to check out our list of best engineering degrees, which is arranged by highest income, and best future outlook.

Mechanical engineers interested in relocating will want to explore New Mexico for more than that state’s scenic beauty — the median salaries for engineers there are among the highest in America.

If boosting your income is a priority, consider the average $104,061 difference in the median types of mechanical engineering jobs salary paid by U.S. companies that make circuit board products and those that offer financial services such as banks.

This survey is administered by Enetrix, and is produced in partnership with the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE), and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). All data submitted is encrypted and confidential.

On paper at least, the engineering profession and salary of different types of mechanical engineering jobs is thriving. According to the most recent biannual report on the engineering job market by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and online survey by ASME in April 2012, the unemployment rate for engineers is, at less than 3 percent, the lowest it’s been since the last recession recently. On top of that, more mechanical engineers are employed than ever before.

That kind of information, and much more, is available in a recently released salary survey that offers an updated picture of the income earning power held by U.S. mechanical engineers and is now available through ASME Press.

“2012 Engineering Income and Salary Survey,” which was sponsored by ASME, is the result of an electronic survey of ASME members. Between July and August, members responded to a detailed questionnaire that sought an array of demographic information, is slowly increasing

The responses from nearly 12,000 members were compiled by ASME, which then published them. This survey is a comprehensive view of what members earn in the mid year of 20111 to 2012. The data is broken down into 18 categories, such as state, gender, industry, degree of responsibility or job title, level of education and length of experience. The survey will be updated every year.

While these statistics apply to engineering as a whole, reports from the field suggest that they are true for mechanical engineers as well. There are more listings in our job bulletins than ever, A bulletin with job listings submitted by employers and employment agencies is available from each regional office, Information Central, and on ASME International’s World Wide Web site at http:/www.asme.org.

Despite the plethora of positive signs, for too many mechanical engineers today’s boom still resembles all too closely the bust of the early recessions. Plummeting demand for defense products and ongoing re-engineering are just two factors prolonging the wave of corporate downsizings that started during the last recession. Furthermore, even some of the increases in employment reflect contract or temporary work, which in many cases does not provide health and other benefits.

For one thing, the unemployment figures are misleading because they don’t include people who are discouraged from looking for work. Further, if an engineer who’s been laid off takes a job as a bank teller, he’s not counted as an unemployed engineer; he’s considered employed. As a result, no one really knows what’s happening out there.

For years, employment prospects have been closely tied to the economic prospects of the largest manufacturers. Big companies have been reinventing themselves, however, and they will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. In many cases, such companies are developing engineering, manufacturing, and distribution processes that make them unique. Any process that can be considered a commodity because the knowledge or tools needed to support it are relatively inexpensive and easy to obtain, for instance is being off-loaded to smaller companies.

Here are some of the sample advertisements of different types of mechanical engineering jobs-

Sales Engineer Mechanical

An exciting opportunity to join a highly respected industry leader is now available. The ideal candidate should have a BS in engineering, a PE license is preferred but is not essential, the procession of excellent communications and marketing skills is required. The position involves the creation of new business opportunities that encompass calling on architects, engineers, and developers in promotion of company products. The position is based in Oklahoma City, OK, with some travel required. An attractive compensation package including company car is available.

Project Engineer – Mexico

Texas based steel construction firm has opening for a BSCE or equivalent construction degreed applicant. Must have strong oral and written communication skills for Spanish and English. Previous business experience in Mexico based projects desired. A minimum of ten years construction background required in petrochemical process structures with responsibility for steel/mechanical erection, safety and construction engineering.

Environmental Engineer

Performs site analysis and performs risk based closure assessment of contaminated groundwater and soils on related environmental sites to determine the most cost effective environmental corrective action. Performs groundwater pump test and aquifer parameters using SESOIL software. Designs appropriate soil vapor and dual vacuum groundwater extraction systems using model simulation of field processes, performs pilot testing, prepares start-up plans and implements designs by supervision field drilling and installation of groundwater monitoring wells and ancillary environmental systems. Requires BS degree in Environmental Engineering or Civil Engineering with a major in Environmental Engineering. Also requires three months experience in the job to be performed.

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