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Computer Engineering is a curriculum dedicated to the design and development of computer hardware components and the software that affects these components. It was originally categorized under electrical engineering, however, its scope has extended beyond traditional electrical engineering, and it now includes some aspects of computer science. The courses can be divided further into several concentrations.

Types of Computer Engineering Degrees

Computer Systems Architecture

This branch is concerned with the development of various computer components, and how they operate as a system.

Signal, Image and Speech Processing

This focuses on the evaluation of both analog and digital transmissions. This also includes the filtering and analysis of data.

Logic Formulation

This study focuses on how computer systems work on a binary system and definite rules of logic. The computer components work based on their basic building blocks called the logic gates.

Embedded Systems

This is the development of embedded systems that are contained in electronic gadgets. These are independent computer systems designed to perform a definite purpose.

Interface Design

This study focuses on the development of interface methods to improve human’s interaction with the computers. These can include keyboards, mouse, touch screen, voice recognition and other peripherals.

Operating Systems

This branch is concerned with the development of operating systems which plays an integral part in the operation of a computer. Without it, the hardware component will be basically useless.

Software Engineering

This study focuses on the development of compatible software to match the hardware component.

Coding, Cryptography and Information Protection

This study is focused on the development of various protection mechanisms to control data tampering.

Multimedia Computing

This is focused on the compression and decompression of text, music, speech, image and video into a comprehensible data, including the proper management, coding-decoding methods and proper display.

Computer Assisted Design

The design and development of new hardware components using a computer software.

Computer Organization

This is the study that focuses on the computer’s functionality half-way between digital logic and operating system levels.

Digital Systems

This is the study of the operational levels of a digital computer. It encompasses the study of the mechanical parts, logical elements and functional units.

Electromechanics

The study of a mechanical device that is operated electronically.

Computational Science and Engineering

This is focused on the formulation of methods to solve complicated mathematical problems.

Networks

This study is focused on the design and implementation of local and wide area networks, in a much general sense.

Communications and Wireless Networks

This branch is concerned with the design and development of communications over wireless networks, including transmission and security protocols.

VLSI systems (very large scale integrated circuits)

The design and development of tools and properties for miniaturized electronic devices.

Computer Vision and Robotics

The development of visual sensor technology to give a better analysis than an individual view. Robotics is focused on the design and development of robots.

With the continuous development of technology, one need not wonder if there will be some additions to these already long list on the fields of computer engineering. The numerous possibilities that one can do with a computer has made it necessary to divide it on a relatively small, but complicated aspects.

Electrical engineering is a profession that applies scientific theory to develop and design new technologies in electronics. Around the globe, there are a number of universities and engineering schools offering such degrees. You can even pursue this degree through online degree programs if you so choose. To pursue an electrical engineering degree, you must have a strong creative mind and must also be good in math and science. Here in this article we will help future electrical engineers around the globe the to know the specific types of electrical engineering degrees that offered by engineering schools and universities.

Types of Electrical Engineering Degrees

There are various types of electrical engineering degrees offered by engineering schools and you can choose the specialization you’re interested. To be an electrical engineer you must at least hold a B.S in the electronic field. Here are some of the specializations that you might want to choose to focus on.

Electronic Engineering

A degree in Electronic Engineering involves the study of hydro, natural sources of engineering such as solar, wind and electronics products such as TV, mobile, communication devices etc. An electronic engineering degree offers immense job opportunities in developing new electronic applications.

Mechatronics Engineering

Mechatronics engineering can lead to jobs in fields that include automotive, HVAC, nanotechnology, aeronautics, nanotechnology and nuclear engineering. To pursue this degree, you must be good at technical drawing, physics, and math. You must also know the basics of kinematics, hydraulics and fluid dynamics.

Avionics Engineering

If you’re passionate about designing space shuttles, rockets and aircraft. Then you can choose a degree in Avionics Engineering. Among the top employers of aerospace engineers in the world is NASA. As an avionics engineer you can work with various electronic components in many different types of aircraft.

Biomedical-Electronics Engineering

Biomedical-electronics engineering is a field in which people work on building new machines and improving the technology in MRI, X-Ray, artificial limbs and hearts, etc. If you’re passionate about the development of new products in the medical field, then this degree is one that’s worth looking into.

Mechanical engineering is the oldest, broadest and largest of all other engineering disciplines, and it’s also on our list of best engineering degrees. It is generally referred to as the mother of engineering. A mechanical engineer can design, build, test and produce any machine or device. From robots and integrated circuits, to race cars and power stations, the mechanical engineering discipline is on the cutting edge of technology. Mechanical engineering is a diverse subject and deals with the design and manufacture of machines and other devices. It is a huge and varied subject with the following sub-disciplines.

Types of Mechanical Engineering Degrees

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering is a branch of mechanical engineering which deals with the designing and construction of aircraft. It is an exciting profession as it is focused on the development and use of various technologies relevant to a rapidly changing, high-tech industry. When compared to other fields of mechanical engineering aerospace engineering is complex and highly demanding.

Acoustical Engineering

This is rather an excellent degree to choose for those who want wider prospects for scientific and engineering career options. It is a branch of engineering that basically deals with the measurement and analysis of sound and vibration. Acoustical engineers apply the science of sound and vibration to real world technologies.

Manufacturing Engineering

It is a discipline of engineering that involves the designing, analyzing and applying of manufacturing techniques and methods for the production of quality products at cost-effective prices. In short it encompasses all aspects of manufacturing a product. It is an interface between the design and the actual product. Manufacturing engineers design the product and decide how to build the product after designing.

Thermal Engineering

This is related to the study of systems that transfer heat between two medians and the conversion of heat into other useful forms of energy. It is one of the most lucrative fields as thermal engineering is important to design any machine. Thermal engineers focus on thermodynamics, design of heating and cooling equipment and power management.

Production Engineering

This is a unique branch of engineering which deals with techniques and tools used in manufacturing industries. In short it is a combination of manufacturing technology with management science. It is also a fast growing engineering stream.

Vehicle Engineering

Vehicle engineering comprises of automobile engineering, marine engineering and the aeronautical engineering. It deals with the study related to the design, manufacture and operation of systems that drives and controls vehicles.

Branches of vehicle engineering:

  • Automotive Engineering – The rising popularity of automotive engineering is due to the increasing demand for vehicles. It guides to a better understanding of the mechanics of vehicle chassis, combustion engine, workshop technology, research and design. It deals with the design, construction and maintenance of automobile and its spare parts.
  • Naval Architecture Engineering – This is a discipline of engineering that deals with the design, development and maintenance of marine vessels and the related structures.

A mechanical engineering degree can take you a long way. It makes you stay abreast of the latest trends and technological advances. Yes, you will find your skills in demand in a variety of fields.

an engineer at work

Engineering is a discipline, profession, and art that usually applies scientific theory to develop, design and analyze technological solutions. Engineering is a far-reaching field that consists of a number of dissimilar specialties. Most of these specialties have their own educational requirements and each one has its own intricacies and specific knowledge required. If you know the different categories of engineering that you can pursue at your college or university, it will help you to figure out the right degree to pursue so you can reach your goals. The following is a list of the various engineering degrees.

an engineer at workList of Engineering Degrees

Electrical Engineering – Electrical engineers develop, design and test electrical systems. The systems include wiring and lighting in buildings, machines, communication systems, electrical utilities and electrical systems in airplanes and cars. This is the largest field in engineering. Learners who fancy learning how things work, disassembling some electronics and then putting them back together would do well to investigate this particular specialty. [Read More: Types of Electrical Engineering Degrees]

Mechanical Engineering – Mechanical engineers produce and design machines and engines. Many work in aerospace and the automotive industry. They can also work with other machinery like refrigerators, air conditioners, robotics and elevators. The mechanical engineering curriculum looks a lot like an aerospace degree, except classes have broader subjects. [Read More: Types of Mechanical Engineering Degrees]

Aerospace Engineering – A popular branch of mechanical engineering is aerospace engineering. This branch deals specifically with aspects of slight and air and spacecraft.

Automotive Engineering – Another branch of mechanical engineering that people love is automotive engineering. As one might imagine, this branch deals with various forms of wheeled vehicles from motorcycles to big rigs.

Biomedical Engineering – Professionals in this type of engineering center on studying life-based formulae by working with chemistry, genetics and the mechanics of living organisms. Thus, if you are very passionate about using microscopes and studying minute single celled organisms, you might want to pursue this four year degree program.

Architectural Engineering – This arena of engineering focuses on the design and conceptualization of structures like residential homes, bridges, commercial skyscrapers and pretty much any structure. If you would like to enroll for this degree program, you must not only center on designing buildings that are structurally sound, but also know how to tailor their designs in order to meet particular environmental and aesthetic prerequisites. Learners should expect to meet given aesthetic and environmental requirements. In addition, they should expect to receive at least three and half years for graduate and undergraduate schooling to acquire a degree in architectural engineering.

Agricultural Engineering – Even though this type of engineering degree is uncommon, it is rapidly growing among engineering students who are eco-conscious. This degree program will offer you the skills to design implements and outbuildings for farms and handling facilities. If you are interested in working in the green movement, agricultural engineering will offer you the opportunity in a different way than working in alternative energy.

Computer Engineering – These degree trains you to design software and hardware that helps in the development of computers. You will gain a solid understanding of computer and circuitry science, while also learning some major elements of electrical engineering. This will enable to students to select either electrical or computer engineering jobs upon graduation. Even though this 4 to 6 year degree is normally seen as extremely rigorous and difficult, it is in high demand among telecommunications, software and hardware design firms on a global scale.

Civil Engineering – These engineers build roads, buildings, highways, sewage systems, tunnels and many other transportation and construction connected structures. They engage in every aspect of a construction project including safety review, cost estimation, federal regulations and environmental issues. It also has sub-disciplines like construction, structural, geotechnical, transportation and environmental. Those who are interested in things like city planning might find that this degree suits their desires.

Architectural Engineering – Related to civil engineering, you have architectural engineering. This degree incorporates much of the same things as the above degree, with a focus on structures.

Mining Engineering – Mining engineers, as you might imagine, design mines. Some scrutinize underground materials, others design equipment and others work on regulation and safety of the mines. Their purpose is to find the most efficient and safe ways to extract the raw materials that are used in industries around the world.

Nuclear Engineering – This kind of engineer uses knowledge regarding nuclear energy and radiation to construct devices that generate nuclear power. Most of them are employed with nuclear power plants while others work for academic institutions or governments. In nuclear power plants, engineers are responsible for the supervision and operation of the facilities along with maintaining radiation safety.

Chemical Engineering – Students fascinated in both physics and chemistry are best suited for this degree program. These engineers usually maintain and design chemical procedures in a number of roles across different industries. This type of engineer can work in agricultural firms or firms that manufacture pesticides, as well as medical and pharmaceutical companies.

You might also want to check out our list of best engineering degrees, which is arranged by highest income, and best future outlook.

Mechanical engineers interested in relocating will want to explore New Mexico for more than that state’s scenic beauty — the median salaries for engineers there are among the highest in America.

If boosting your income is a priority, consider the average $104,061 difference in the median types of mechanical engineering jobs salary paid by U.S. companies that make circuit board products and those that offer financial services such as banks.

This survey is administered by Enetrix, and is produced in partnership with the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE), and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). All data submitted is encrypted and confidential.

On paper at least, the engineering profession and salary of different types of mechanical engineering jobs is thriving. According to the most recent biannual report on the engineering job market by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and online survey by ASME in April 2012, the unemployment rate for engineers is, at less than 3 percent, the lowest it’s been since the last recession recently. On top of that, more mechanical engineers are employed than ever before.

That kind of information, and much more, is available in a recently released salary survey that offers an updated picture of the income earning power held by U.S. mechanical engineers and is now available through ASME Press.

“2012 Engineering Income and Salary Survey,” which was sponsored by ASME, is the result of an electronic survey of ASME members. Between July and August, members responded to a detailed questionnaire that sought an array of demographic information, is slowly increasing

The responses from nearly 12,000 members were compiled by ASME, which then published them. This survey is a comprehensive view of what members earn in the mid year of 20111 to 2012. The data is broken down into 18 categories, such as state, gender, industry, degree of responsibility or job title, level of education and length of experience. The survey will be updated every year.

While these statistics apply to engineering as a whole, reports from the field suggest that they are true for mechanical engineers as well. There are more listings in our job bulletins than ever, A bulletin with job listings submitted by employers and employment agencies is available from each regional office, Information Central, and on ASME International’s World Wide Web site at http:/www.asme.org.

Despite the plethora of positive signs, for too many mechanical engineers today’s boom still resembles all too closely the bust of the early recessions. Plummeting demand for defense products and ongoing re-engineering are just two factors prolonging the wave of corporate downsizings that started during the last recession. Furthermore, even some of the increases in employment reflect contract or temporary work, which in many cases does not provide health and other benefits.

For one thing, the unemployment figures are misleading because they don’t include people who are discouraged from looking for work. Further, if an engineer who’s been laid off takes a job as a bank teller, he’s not counted as an unemployed engineer; he’s considered employed. As a result, no one really knows what’s happening out there.

For years, employment prospects have been closely tied to the economic prospects of the largest manufacturers. Big companies have been reinventing themselves, however, and they will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. In many cases, such companies are developing engineering, manufacturing, and distribution processes that make them unique. Any process that can be considered a commodity because the knowledge or tools needed to support it are relatively inexpensive and easy to obtain, for instance is being off-loaded to smaller companies.

Here are some of the sample advertisements of different types of mechanical engineering jobs-

Sales Engineer Mechanical

An exciting opportunity to join a highly respected industry leader is now available. The ideal candidate should have a BS in engineering, a PE license is preferred but is not essential, the procession of excellent communications and marketing skills is required. The position involves the creation of new business opportunities that encompass calling on architects, engineers, and developers in promotion of company products. The position is based in Oklahoma City, OK, with some travel required. An attractive compensation package including company car is available.

Project Engineer – Mexico

Texas based steel construction firm has opening for a BSCE or equivalent construction degreed applicant. Must have strong oral and written communication skills for Spanish and English. Previous business experience in Mexico based projects desired. A minimum of ten years construction background required in petrochemical process structures with responsibility for steel/mechanical erection, safety and construction engineering.

Environmental Engineer

Performs site analysis and performs risk based closure assessment of contaminated groundwater and soils on related environmental sites to determine the most cost effective environmental corrective action. Performs groundwater pump test and aquifer parameters using SESOIL software. Designs appropriate soil vapor and dual vacuum groundwater extraction systems using model simulation of field processes, performs pilot testing, prepares start-up plans and implements designs by supervision field drilling and installation of groundwater monitoring wells and ancillary environmental systems. Requires BS degree in Environmental Engineering or Civil Engineering with a major in Environmental Engineering. Also requires three months experience in the job to be performed.

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