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When it comes to the different types of engineering, there is a little something for everyone. Engineering is the playground for applied science that affects every one of us every day. Below, we will take a closer look at the types of engineering and offer details on what each of them actually entails.

Aerospace Engineering – The professionals in this sector of engineering deal with simulating, modeling, analyzing, designing and eventually testing rockets, missiles, satellites, spacecrafts and aircrafts. However, aerospace engineering seems to extend to plenty of other applications of objects that move within liquids or gases. To offer a few example sin this regard, some of them are tall buildings in the wind, hydrofoil ships, high speed trains and even golf balls.

As an aerospace engineer, you might work on developing helicopters, military jets, commercial airlines and many more, but at the same time you might also work in special projects that involve designing the latest sea and ground transportation vehicles.

Agricultural and Biological Engineering – These types of engineers will apply their knowledge of science and engineering technology to the efficient use of biological resources and also agriculture. On top of the fact that such professionals are the ones that create advances in agriculture and farming, they also use engineering analysis and design to provide environmental control, to develop power systems meant for supporting agriculture and to protect the natural resources.

Audio Engineering – There are plenty of individuals who just take the sounds they hear on a daily basis, wherever they are, for granted. However, the creation of audio is something that involves both science and art. The sounds in video games or movies have a large crowd of professionals behind them, people who work day and night in order to make sure they sound as intended. Audio engineering is a fun and challenging field where creativity is always used extensively.

Biochemical Engineering and Bioengineering – The professionals in this field deal with studying living systems and applying the knowledge they gain in the process in order to solve different kinds of problems. Some of the things they are responsible with number designing biologically based sensors, keeping desirable organisms alive in the fermentation processes, studying the safety of food supplies and so on. Bioengineers also use their knowledge in order to come up with solutions meant to clean up contaminated water and soil, but also destroy wastes. As a result, it’s safe to safe bioengineers are directly responsible for the health of our environment.

Biomedical Engineering – Biomedical engineers study medicine and biology with the purpose of creating technologies that relate to the healthcare system. This means they develop prosthetic devices, joint replacement parts, artificial organs, medical instruments and medical diagnostic machines.

Materials and Ceramic Engineering – Such engineers work for solving problems by using their technical and creative skills and creating products that come in many shapes, forms and sizes and are also made from exotic materials, for the average and more pretentious consumers. Everyone uses many of these products on a daily basis and they could be a part of their cellphone, computers, microwave ovens and so on.

Chemical Engineering – Chemical engineers are responsible for creating a multitude of products that not only seep into the healthcare system, but in many other areas of society. Such professionals manufacture (after discovering the best and most efficient processes that can be used for their goals) paper, semiconductors, fertilizers medicines, fibers, fuels, paints, better plastics and so on. Their role in protecting the environment is great, because they are the ones to study the fate of chemicals in the environment, calculate environmental damage and invent cleaner technologies.

Computer Engineering – Computer engineers deal with the maintenance, implementation, construction and design of computer controlled equipment and computers for the benefit of everyone. Computer engineering is a sub discipline of electrical engineering and everyone who is interested in it, can attend course at their local university. However, it seems that separating this sub discipline from the main discipline is hard and that is why many universities offer dual degrees in both computer and electrical engineering.

Electrical Engineers – Electrical engineers develop components for some of the most highly used devices and gadgets by everyone on a daily basis. Some examples are cell phones, digital cameras, MP3 players and so on. If you want to become an electrical engineer, you will work on any of the following: medical imagine, wireless communications, computer networks, robotics and many more.

With that being said, these are some of the types of engineering you can consider to be a part of if you like this branch. By knowing exactly what they imply, you will be able to take a better decision on which one you prefer.

The need for technology in today’s world is expanding and the demand for engineering is rising. Fortunately for today’s society, there are many quality engineering schools for students who want to get into this amazing field.

The five best engineering college listed here feature degree programs for many industries. These include programs for electronics, industrial engineering, mechanical functions and civil engineering among many others. These programs do vary based on what they have to offer and are worth exploring.

All of these engineering programs are fully accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. ABET inspects these schools and more regularly to ensure that they are following the proper educational standards that are required of them.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Based out of the town of Cambridge, MIT is heralded for being one of the world’s most prominent schools in the field of engineering. The school covers laboratories for engineering the medical and manufacturing fields and programs for nuclear science, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering among other fields. The school offers both undergraduate and graduate positions in many of these fields and has one of the largest libraries in the country, the Dewey Library.

MIT does have very strong standards for its admissions. Students who have GPAs of 3.5 or higher and SAT scores of at least 2000 are more likely to be admitted to MIT. It may also cost close to $45,000 per year to attend the school.

Stanford University

The California-based Stanford University is home to an engineering department that is among the best in the nation. Stanford particularly places a strong emphasis on bioengineering, a practice for life sciences. Information technology and environmental support are also covered as Stanford focuses on creating a connected world that is responsible the the planet.

Stanford typically requires students to have 3.5 GPAs or higher and SAT scores close to 2100. It may also cost close to $60,000 to spend a year at this school in its engineering program.

University of California-Berkley

Cal-Berkley places a very strong emphasis on engineering. The Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation is a relatively new center that focuses on educating students on design concepts and civil engineering projects. Mechanical and nuclear engineering programs are also available. Support for opening engineering-related businesses is also provided through the assistance of the Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology.

The cost to attend this school varies based on where one is from. It will cost $34,000 per year on average for an in-state student to attend and $55,000 for those who are from outside California. SAT scores of 1800 or higher are also needed alongside ACT scores of about 30.

University of Illinois

Located in Champaign, the University of Illinois places a great deal of its emphasis on life sciences and medical engineering. The Grainger Initiative has promoted the development of research and studies in the field of life science with a strong emphasis on managing different types of medical studies and the development of new drugs.

As a public school, Illinois charges $15,000 per year for students within Illinois. Out-of-state students must pay about $30,000 per year for admission. SAT scores of 1800 and ACT scores of 26 are often required among students to ensure that they are capable of entering the school.

Purdue University

Located in the northern area of Indiana, Purdue University is heralded for being a top-rate school with regards to its engineering program. The school places a strong focus on mechanical engineering. The Engineer of 2020 initiative is especially important as it relates to the ways how an engineer’s functions are to develop and manage different setups with an emphasis on analytical controls and integration. Biological engineering and industrial programs are also provided by the school.

Students within Indiana can expect to pay about $10,000 per year to study at Purdue. Those outside the state will have to spend about $30,000 each year. SAT and ACT scores of 1800 and 26 are also recommended although those who have higher scores tend to get the best possible treatment out of the system.

These are five quality engineering schools for all students to consider. These schools will provide people with many solutions dedicated to helping them learn how to work with engineering in many fields. People should still be aware of what it may cost to attend a school and what proper test grades are required in order to get into such places.

Almost all modern day pioneers of technology and innovation have thorough understanding of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics. These broad disciplines are collectively called STEM and don’t refer to a single curriculum or subject. This means any student who majors in a subjects from the disciplines of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics from K12 through college can be said to be a STEM student. Apart from the love of the subjects, the primary reason to get an education in STEM is the ease of securing a job.

STEM graduates have a higher probability to secure a high paying job. This is primarily because every major industry in America requires a healthy number of STEM workforce. This results in a high demand for STEM graduates. To top it all off only 6 percent of the current workforce in America have a STEM major. This is why most STEM majors easily secure a high paying job compared to the rest. STEM is a very broad term which consists of thousands of specialized fields from food science to aerospace engineering giving students a lot of freedom to choose the subjects they wish to pursue. The following are the 10 best STEM majors that offer great opportunities and earning potential.

1) Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering is high paying career. The job of a petroleum engineer involves finding new sources of oil and examining and experimenting with oil samples. It can also involve developing new gadgets for extraction and processing of oil. Average pay of a newly appointed petroleum engineer is around $98,000 a year, making it one of the highest paid professions in this list.

2) Computer Science

People interested in developing new software to solve problems should definitely think of pursuing a degree in computer science. Apart from developing software a computer science graduate is also expected to solve computing problems and develop new computing methods to address industry based challenges. An average computer science graduate gets a starting salary of $63,000.

3) Applied Mathematics

Applied mathematics is the science of applying mathematics to solve industry based problems. This study focuses on practical application of mathematics that can be utilized in the fields of science, business, and engineering. A newly appointed applied mathematician can take home $50,800 per year.

4) Informational Technology

Information technology is one of the most commonly studied fields. This is also one of the most misunderstood fields. Some people think people who pass information technology have a future in working for BPOs. However, IT is the application of computer technology and communication devices to store, receive, and edit data. IT specialists can work for any medium to large sized business enterprise. An information technology graduate gets around $49,700 per year.

5) Aerospace Engineering

Student interested to be part of the development teams that build spacecrafts and aircrafts has to have a degree of aerospace engineering. There are two types of aerospace engineers ones that develop aircrafts who are called aeronautical engineers and ones that develop spacecrafts who are known as astronautical engineers. An Aerospace engineer gets a starting salary of $62,000. However, the thrill of creating vehicles that venture into space is much more than the excitement of money.

6) Actuarial Mathematics

Students with a knack in mathematics and problem solving can choose a degree in actuarial mathematics. In layman’s terms actuarial mathematics is used to assess risk for insurance and finance sectors using mathematics. These professionals help financial institutions to form new policies and provide risk assessment for the future. With an average starting salary of $56,000, a newly appointed actuarial mathematician usually gets paid more than an applied mathematician.

7) Telecommunications

The study of using technology to communicate over a distance is called telecommunications studies. Several universities offer courses and degrees on the subject. A telecommunication graduate takes home around $41,000 per year.

8) Microbiology

If a student is interested in studying micro organisms and disease causing microbes using a microscope then he or she should definitely pursue microbiology. From finding possible cures and developing vaccines to studying newly discovered microbes, the job role of a microbiologist varies according to industry. A starting level microbiologist takes home around $39,000.

9) Food Science

One of newer studies is the study of food. Food scientists use modern day gadgets and equipments to study the safety and nutritive quality of different food items. They also device new methods of processing and preserving food items to ensure the quality of consumed food. Food scientists are also responsible for developing new food items and choosing packing materials to keep them fresh for an extended period of time. A newly appointed food scientist typically takes home $44,000 for a year of their service.

10) Software Engineering

The job role of a programmer and a software engineer is quite similar as both of these professionals develop new software. However, a software engineer uses an engineering approach to solve and develop programs. Anyone interested in developing new software should take an in depth look at software engineering degrees. Software engineers are highly sought after and typically get $60,000 a year as their starting salary.

These are the top 10 STEM majors going through 2014 and into 2015 according to their earning potential and career outlook.

A mechanical engineering degree program can provide a good educational foundation for individuals who are interested in the maintenance and design of mechanical processes and systems. An online mechanical engineering degree can provide the training and education necessary in order to become a mechanical engineer, which has made our list of best engineering degrees. With so many different schools to choose from, it can often be difficult to know which schools offer the best programs will help to further your career. Here are some tips on where to get an online mechanical engineering degree.

The University of Illinois

The Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Illinois is one of the most renowned engineering degree programs in the country, and offers a number of online courses for people who want to study at home. Individual will need to complete 32 credit hours of coursework. Eight of those hours will have needed to spend on completing a thesis. If an individual want to enroll in a degree which doesn’t incorporate a thesis, they will need to complete 36 credit hours of coursework and will have to finish an independent project. Applications for enrollment can be made directly on the university’s website. The program teaches lectures and marks assignments through a central management system, and courses are scheduled to meet the particular requirements of students, allowing them to view lectures in their own time, and devise their own schedule.

The University of North Dakota

Students who want to enroll in the University of North Dakota’s mechanical engineering program can take advantage of a Bachelor of Science, or BSC, program in the field, with highly qualified and experienced lecturers and staff offering modules in a number of related subjects. The course is accredited by ABET, and the university’s central online system allows students to complete coursework and view lecture slides in their own time. Studying for a degree program at The University of North Dakota engineering from home can have a whole host of benefits. It can often work out cheaper as there will be no accommodation costs to pay if you are attending the university from a long distance away. Students are also able to study in their own time, ideal if they have other commitments such as work or are looking after a family.

Penn Foster

Known for its home-learning programs, the degree program in mechanical engineering at Penn Foster has been accredited by the DETC, and has been designed to prepare students for a career in mechanical engineering or technology. Alumni of the program have gone on to secure employment at construction sties, laboratories, industrial plants, manufacturing plants, engineering firms in the public and private sector, and government agencies. The course runs for four semesters and there are a number of different modules including mathematics, science, fluid mechanics, and advanced components of mechanical engineering. Coursework and assignments can be submitted through the centralized computer system, meaning that students can study on their own terms, and at a time in convenient to them. In order to enroll in the program, applicants will need to have obtained a high school diploma or the educational equivalent of this qualification. Examinations are taken at the end of each semester.

The field of engineering has different concentrations and specializations. It also has numerous opportunities and career options. An online electrical engineering degree is a good choice for students who easily understand advanced mathematics, sciences especially physics, and who want to acquire the relevant skills applicable to industries such as energy, health care, communication and healthcare. In most electrical engineering programs, students take courses such as calculus, chemistry, statics and dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, circuit analysis, digital electronics, signals and systems, digital logic, and electric and magnetic fields. The common career paths are hardware engineer, communications engineer, quality assurance engineer and integrated circuit engineer among others.

There are several schools that offer online electrical engineering degrees. However, very few of them offer programs that are specific to electrical engineering. Some of the schools are listed below.

Arizona State University (ASU)

ASU offers an online Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering degree. Undergraduate students doing this course take foundational engineering courses and specialty courses in areas like microprocessors, electrical power systems, solid-state electronics, communication and control systems, circuits, and electromagnetic waves and fields.

Program Requirements

The degree program requires 120 credit hours. For one to graduate, you must have not less than 2.0 major GPA, at least 2.0 cumulative GPA and at least 45 hours upper division credit hours. Courses take about 7.5 weeks and a student can complete the degree program in as few as 3 calendar years, on a full-time basis. Students must take several upper division technical and electrical engineering elective courses in areas like circuits, power systems, communication, control systems and signal processing.

Students who take this online program have access to all ASU libraries, can join ASU alumni network and will interact with all members of the faculty.

Stony Brook University

Admission Requirements

At least 3.0 cumulative grade average in the courses below (no grade should be below C):

  • College Calculus I, II and III 3-4 credits
  • Introduction to Differential Equations 3-4 credits
  • Calculus-based Physics I and II with lab 3-4 credits
  • Physics III or Chemistry I 4 credits
  • Circuits, Digital Logic Design and C+++ or C Programming 3 credits

At least 3.0 cumulative grade average for not less than 57 college credits passed with a grade not below C in at a regionally accredited institution.

A minimum grade C in English composition and in 3 of the following courses: DEC I European Traditions, DEC K American Pluralism, DEC G Humanities, DEC F Behavior and Social Sciences, DEC B Interpreting Texts in Humanities, DEC J The World Beyond European Traditions and DEC H Implications of Science and Technology

For a student to graduate, you are required to have not less than 120 credits which consist of 37 credits in Prerequisite Mathematics, Science and Technical courses, 41 credits in Required Courses for the Major, 12 credits in Technical Electives, 24 credits in 1 DEC Category course and 6 credits in Open Electives.

University of North Dakota (UND)

The Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering degree offered at UND commences every Fall in August, Spring in January and Summer in May.


A student is required a minimum of 136 credits to graduate, which are spread as follows:

  • 39 credits that fulfill UND’s General Education/ Essential Studies requirements
  • 60 credits from a regionally accredited institution
  • 36 upper division credits
  • 30 credits from UND
  • 20 credits in Electrical Engineering courses such as EE 308, EE 480, EE 481 and EE 309
  • 6 extra credits from UND’s College of Engineering and Mines
  • 4 extra credits offered by UND at level 300 or above

An engineering student is also required to complete basic courses in English, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics, and score at least a C grade before registering for upper division engineering courses. A student who enrolls for this online program is able to watch and access the same lecture notes and lessons as on-campus students and take supervised exams. For on-campus labs, a student is required to complete short on-campus labs at Grand Folks, North Dakota.

People who find it hard to physically attend full-time engineering course could take advantage of online engineering programs. Some people would have started working after completing their high school for a number of reasons. By enrolling in an online program you don’t have to quit your day job and still pursue higher study. If you are already an adult and do not quite have the time to join a full-time program in college, you can earn your degree from the comfort of you your home. There are a lot of reputed universities and institutions in the U.S that provide online civil engineering degree. Enrolling in a degree program is as simple as submitting the admission form online and paying the required fee.

If you are wondering where to get an online civil engineering degree and searching the internet for some of the best institutes, search no further, we have listed some of the top institutes where one can get an online civil engineering degree.

The University of Texas

The Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Texas offers an online bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering. It is accredited by the ABET and is one of the most reputed online engineering degrees in the nation. Up on completing the degree students will have the right skills to meet their employer’s expectations in the construction industry. They also have a good scope to become licensed professionals.


The University’s core curriculum should be completed initially, which will lay the foundation for advanced courses to follow. In the core curriculum students will study, Natural science, Mathematics, Humanities and more. Subsequently students will be subjected to advanced courses like, Calculus, Hydraulics, Geotechnical Engineering, etc. Take a look at the official website for more information on all the courses and electives.

How to apply

One can apply for this course on the internet. After applying for the course, the prospective students will receive an acknowledge e-mail from the UTSA’s website. Your application will be reviewed at the admission office and the status will be updated.

University of Illinois

The course is accredited by the ABET with a curriculum configured to develop problem solving skills and equip the students with the right tools to become fine civil engineers in the future. After getting the degree students can get opportunities as practicing engineers and consultants in a lot of areas like hydrologic engineering, construction, structural engineering and other related fields.


The civil engineering program offered by the University of Illinois deals with 7 main disciplines, transportation engineering, structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, environmental hydrology and hydraulics, environmental engineering, construction materials engineering, and construction engineering, preparing the students for a wide range of job opportunity after getting the degree.

How to apply

To apply for this program, you will first have to create your MyIllini account and apply though the official website. Information like filling period, deadlines, and admission notifications are published on the universities official website.

Feel free to contact the Office of Undergraduate Admissions @ Phone: 217-333-0302

Old Dominion University

The Old Dominion University provides Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering Technology. This program is designed to equip the students with the right tools and skills to make themselves prepared for a wide range of technical and professional positions in the field of development industries, construction, civil engineering consulting, etc. The best thing about this program is that, after your graduation, you will be able to take up the Fundamentals of Engineering exam, also known as the FE exam, which can eventually help you get a professional engineer license in many states in the U.S. including Virginia.


Apart from the core CET course work, students will be able to choose to study a lot of different courses like, structural design, management, Calculus, Human Behavior and statistics. You can always get in touch with a student advisor to find out how the credits will be transferred.


One can join either in Fall, Summer or Spring — the course could be completed in a period of 6 months and up depending on a lot of different factors.

How to Enroll

High school students and individuals who have graduated from high school can enroll in their online civil engineering degree. The application could be downloaded from the official website and could be filled and applied online. For more information feel free to contact them using the following telephone number: 757-683-3685 (office).

Sound engineering integrates digital technology, computer engineering, production practices and math. Students interested in studying this field can pursue a certificate, associate’s degree, bachelor’s degree or even a master’s degree. Sound engineering programs are commonly available through engineering or music departments. The best sound engineering schools can open many career opportunities for potential students who are interested in sound engineering, audio production and music production. Sound engineering involves the knowledge of equipment operations and maintenance, these equipments are vital in the day to day operations of TV networks, recording stations, movie production houses, concert promoters, and radio stations. Even if there are other degrees that enable a person to operate sound equipment, nothing beats the expertise and knowledge of sound engineers.

There are several accredited schools that offer sound engineering degrees. Some of the schools are listed below.

Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU)

Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) offers Bachelor degree in sound engineering. Potential students seeking to become a sound producer or an audio engineer will find it hard to beat the educational standards available at MTSU. Middle Tennessee State University, the largest sound production degree program in the planet, gives interested students an opportunity to work with expert faculty and industry professionals as well as get hands on experience in one of the five full size professional recording studios situated right on campus. MTSU also has a digital audio lab, mastering lab, a MIDI lab, and a separate studio exclusively for post production and another designed for surround sound engineering and cinema. Middle Tennessee State University is a state funded public institution in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Sound engineering is a part of the Recording Industry Department at the school.

The Los Angeles Recording School

This sound engineering school offers a strong, short term sound engineering curriculum that focuses on giving potential students knowledge and experience working in real world recording situations. The Los Angeles Recording School faculty, made up of knowledgeable sound engineers, teach programs in sound engineering and sound design that take place over a 950 hour period. Small class magnitudes mean students get a lot of personal attention and that they are able to feel confident in their capabilities as they move on from their schooling to an occupation in the audio engineering field.

Students at this sound engineering school average 36-hours of attendance every week and attend for 28-weeks to finish the program.

Full Sail University

Full Sail University is an accredited institution that offers four year bachelor’s degree programs in a several fields of entertainment, including sound engineering. The recording arts course at the Central Florida is a practical opportunity to work with recording-artists plus other entertainment gurus in studio settings. Whether working on a film or TV sound designs in a digital workstation, or engineering a music recording session, potential students leave the course with loads of experience using industry standard software and equipment.

Sound engineering schools usually look for potential students who have a 2.8 to 3.3 grade-point-average in high school. Standardized test scores of 23 to 28 on the ACT and 1200 to 1500 on the SAT are usually accepted. In addition, it would be very important for a high school student to be involved in school theater or musical productions, especially in a behind the scenes position. Some high schools have their own television and radio stations and association with these would be great.

As soon as you come out of your high school, you start to think about what to do in future, right? Though there are a lot of options available, you can opt for engineering as this will help you make a high profile profession. However, you have to make sure you that you are choosing the right one from the best engineering degrees.

Right now many companies have turned their attention to infuse lots of innovative machines that use high end technology to perform the task. There might be some lesser known majors in engineering degree that would allow you to find a good job in the growing corporate world. Some the best engineering jobs of today are discussed below:

The Best Paying Engineering Degrees

Bio informatics / Biomedical engineering

As the landscape of the healthcare industry seems to be changing, the demand for the candidates with such a profile is on the rise. The median pay is $81,540 per year which means you can earn about $39.20 every hour according to 2010 reports.

Electrical and electronics engineering

When you are equipped with this degree, you can earn more than $56,040 every year and $26.94 every hour on an average.

Petroleum engineers

Petroleum engineers can earn more than $114,080 every year and $54.85 per hour as an average making them some of the highest paid engineers. These jobs pay a lot because the skills involved with this path are in high demand in the energy sector.

Chemical engineering

When equipped with a degree in chemical engineering, you would be able to reach out to jobs in various sectors such as manufacturing, health care, textiles, energy, fuel, biotechnology, waste management, food, cosmetics etc. You can earn about $90,300 every year and $43.42 every hour as the median pay reports in 2010.

Computer science engineering

Computers are an industry with potential earnings that can make you earn $98,810 per year and $47.50 per hour on an average.

Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineers can earn $78, 160 per year and $37.58 per hour on an average. You can find out about the types of mechanical engineering degrees, or learn about where to get an online mechanical engineering degree.

Aeronautical engineering

You can easily earn more than $97,480 per year on an average and $46.86 per hour based on the median pay in 2010.

The Best Engineering Degrees For The Future

Aeronautical engineering

This branch of engineering deals with the flight and its mechanisms and is the right one for those who love to reach the clouds! You must have a background in maths and physics and an aptitude to design and build ultra new flight designs for the modern day. With 81,000 openings for aeronautical engineers available in 2010 according to the U.S. Department, the jobs are out there.

Bio informatics / Biomedical engineering

The growth faced by the medical industry is immense that there are numerous job openings in this sector. This is mainly because of the advancements made in the field of information sciences. Scientists and medical professionals are on the lookout for people who are efficient enough to create a system with biomedical innovation guidance. The scope of this job is over 62% which means much higher than the average.

Electrical and electronics engineering

This engineering degree would deal with the electronics and engineering gadgets such as laptops, Smartphones, mobile phones, computers, etc., make sure that they are working fine. You can also find good employment scope for this degree as there were exactly 151,100 job openings in 2010.

Petroleum engineers

Petroleum engineers must come up with different methods and designs to extract oil and gas found beneath the deposits of the earth. This is a fast growing industry that has a job outlook of more than 17% and openings over 30,200.

Chemical engineering

Are you fascinated with the way by which different materials like nylon and polyester are created? Yes! Then with this degree, you can understand the ways to make it last longer or the way it is dealt in a water plant. There is a 6 % increase in the scope of this job until the year 2020 as there were 30,200 job openings in this sector in 2010.

Computer science engineering

The field of computer science is booming and experts say the boom would be even more by the year 2019! This industry witnesses a 9% job outlook with 70,000 vacancies every year.

Mechanical engineering

Be it robots, cars, micro chips or power plants, you can deal with them when backed by the mechanical engineering degree. With sustainable energy on demand, you can implement the “green” factor using modern technology. There are more than 243,200 job openings for mechanical engineers each year which well explains the scope of the job. The mechanical degree has become one among the best engineering degrees that students long to join!

In general sectors like computer science, Bio informatics, aeronautical, mechanical and electrical and electronic engineering seem to be growing at a tremendous rate and have loads of opportunities for Freshers who are equipped with the best engineering degrees.

Petroleum engineering degrees is the engineering branch that deals with drilling, production, recovery and distribution of natural gas and petroleum. Petroleum engineering degrees encompasses knowledge in rocks on the surface and subsurface of the earth, properties of fluids and ways in which the production of oil and natural gas can be exploited. According to U.S Bureau of labor and statistic, petroleum engineers are the highest paid engineers in all disciplines. Petroleum engineering degrees encompasses professionals such as drilling operators and geologist. For one to become a petroleum engineer, he needs to have a bachelor’s degree.


For you to be employed in any firm, you need to have a bachelor’s degree in petroleum engineering. Most educational institutions like universities and colleges offer programs and courses that are accredited by the Accreditation Board of Engineering and technology in petroleum engineering. Most institutions offer a five year degree program of up to 131hours. The course is divided into junior year and senior year. Students must pass their junior year exams in order to be enrolled for their senior year.

Some of the courses offered are advanced mathematics that includes algebra, applied differential equations, trigonometry and calculus, design and integrated courses such as well logging, petroleum production, secondary recovery, Drilling and well completion and petroleum engineering laboratory, and finally science courses like basic sciences, engineering science electives and petroleum engineering science.

Personal Attributes

A successful petroleum engineer should have natural abilities as this is one of the most demanding engineering disciplines. Some of the individual attributes that a petroleum engineer should have are strong mathematical ability and analytical skills that can enable you to design various drilling equipment’s and solve the many arising drilling problems.

Creativity is another essential ability that will help in designing this equipment’s for different regions and environments. Good communication skills and team is also essential so that you can integrate with other professionals in the field. Petroleum engineers should be prepared to travel for long periods and to adverse conditions.


Like any other degree course, credentials can go a long way to increase your job opportunities together with job security. Being a member of The Society of Petroleum Engineers is one of this credential as you will receive a certificate for it. Petroleum engineers should also work at obtaining a professional engineer license which can be achieved by passing the stipulated two exams together with a four year professional engineering experience. This will help you earn more salary in addition to increasing your job opportunity.

Job Outlook and Salary

Petroleum engineering degrees are the most paying degrees according to U.S Bureau of labor and statistic. An average engineer with a bachelor degree in petroleum engineering earns $114,080 per year which translates to $54.85 per hour. According to Bureau of Labor statistics, Jobs in petroleum engineering degrees are set to grow by 17% through to 2020. This increase is based on the fact that the demand of energy is expected to rise and the available work force is also set to retire. In addition, oil prices will also go a long way in determining employment growth.

An industrial engineer is a professional you will not miss in any serious company which has the intention of maximizing the use of its human and natural resources. The work of an industrial engineer is to devise ways and means to increase the productivity of the company with the aim of maximizing profits. Industrial engineering requires a smart mind that can be able to handle both the mathematical and scientific aspects of management.

Before you become an industrial engineer, one is required to attain degree from an accredited university. Industrial engineering degrees are offered by accredited colleges and universities. The courses take a minimum of four years.
For you to enroll in any university to undertake a course in industrial engineering you must have a high school diploma. In the university you can either decide to major in any of the three major fields which include civil engineering, electrical engineering and mechanical engineering. The degree course takes four years.

After completing your four year course the next step will be to enroll in an internship program, this gives you the technical experience and helps you in gaining first hand practical experience of what you studied in the classroom.

Due to the stiff competition in the market it will be prudent if you enroll for a master’s degree program, by getting a masters degree in industrial engineering you will better your chances of getting hired by any employer. This also gives you an opportunity to specialize in one particular field of study. During your masters program you can decide to specialize in any of the following fields; industrial research, industrial management an industrial planning. Financial management is also a specialty in industrial engineering.

After you have attained your master’s degree the next step will be to get a license from the state. This license can only be issued after you have passed all the exams. After getting the license you will be free to apply for any industrial engineering job.

Types of industrial engineering degrees

There are four major types of industrial engineering degrees. They include the following:

Bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering – This is the first or basic degree you will get after completing the first four year training program.

Masters degree in industrial engineering [MIE] – After attaining your undergraduate degree you can decide to enroll for a master’s degree program. This program gives you a chance to major and specialize in particular field. The master’s degree program involves a lot of course work and the degree is awarded based on the course work done.

At the completion of this course you will attain a master’s degree in industrial engineering.

Master of Science in industrial engineering [MSIE] – After completing your masters you can as well decide to get deeper and do extensive research and study about a particular field of study. This program involves extensive research and thesis writing. After completing the program you will be awarded with a PhD.

Doctorate of philosophy in industrial engineering – This is a program or course mostly taken by scholars who have made some impact in the industry. It is a course taken by those who have been in the industry for long and have brought positive contributions to the industry. This program earns you a doctorate degree in industrial engineering.

The minimum yearly wage for an industrial engineer can range from $ 74,000 to $ 78,000 depending on the state and also prevailing market rates. The future looks bright for industrial engineers as more jobs continue to crop up within the ever growing market. It is estimated that at least 10% of new jobs are being created on a yearly basis. [Ref: bls.gov]