Civil Engineering is a profession that deals with the design, construction, as well as the maintenance of the physical environment. It also includes the natural built environment with respect to works such as airports, bridges, canals, dams, institutional buildings, pipelines, roads, railways, residences and sewage systems. This is a profession within the public sector thats spans, from the municipal level, through to the national government, while within the private sector, from homeowners to international companies.
History of Civil Engineering
To get more insight about Civil Engineering as a profession or discipline, one needs to delve a little bit into it’s past. The history behind Civil Engineering is so great and it is believed to have begun between the era 4000 to 2000 BC. Not to bore you with te whole history, here are some facts about Civil Engineering.
Civil Engineering as a Discipline
Civil engineering entails the application of physical and scientific principles in sovling problems through history. It’s advancement can be linked to Physics and Mathematics all through history. This in turn brings or brought about sub disciplines of Civil Engineering making it a very wide profession. Some of the sub-disciplines include the study and knowledge of environment, geography, geology, material science, mechanics, hydrology, structures, soils and many others to date.
Some early works such as the Archmedes Principles relating to Bouyancy are example of Civil Engineering with scientific approach to Physics and Manthematics.
Civil Engineering as a Profession
Thinking of how to become a Professional Civil Engineer? Look no further, cause here in is more detail concerning the same. Recognizing Civil Engineering as a profession at around the year 1828, there has been a great history behind it. From ancient times when man started creating shelter then divded into transporation with the onvention of the wheel and to date where there is even no clear distinction between a Civil Engineer and an Architect. With terms such as Engineer and Architect being used interchangably, you will only realize the difference with the geographical variations reffering to the same occupation.
Still as a profession, the discipline is the second oldest after military engineering and in the 18th century, the term was used to distinguish it non-military to military engineering.
Here is where one whill learn how to become a Professional Civil Engineer and more so, some of the major disciplines one can pertake on their journey in life while undertaking the course. These are the many different career opportunities one can specialize in.
Studies for Civil Engineering in the past tarted at Diploma level. Within these current times, and in most countires, the Bachelor’s degree is what represents the first step into becoming a professional civil engineer. This is through professional certification and approval by a certain professional body for the undertaken degree program. This means, that after completing the Bachelor’s degree, one must satisfy a certain requirements before being certified as a prfoessional enginer. Once certified, they can then be designated as Professional Engineers.
There are some international agreements which peratin to how professional engineers will practice across national borders. These are bound by certain professional bodies.
Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering
There are many job opportunities for one who has done a Civil Engineering course. These jobs will depend on what one feels comfortable doing, thus they can further in the specific discipline and still be reffered to as a Civil Engineer. The sub-disciplines listed below are within the broad field of civil enginering and they include
- Coastal Engineering
- Construction Engineering
- Earthquake Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Forensic Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Material Science and Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Surveying – This may either include, Land Surveying or Construction Surveying
- Transportation Engineering
- Municipal or Urban Engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Civil Engineering systems
While a General Civil Engineering is focused on some of the aspects of both the physical and natural built environment as mentioned before, General Civil Engineers works cloesly with Surveyors and certain Specialized Civil Engineers to in the designing of communications and electric supply, dams, drainage, grading, pavement, sewer service, water supply and in regard to many more specialized sectors of the field of civil engineering. This therefore make the term general civil engineer reffer to site engineer, which is a branch of civil engineering focused on conversion of a tract of land for the utilization of another purpose.
Civil Engineering Salary
This is a matter that will majorly depend on the geographical location as well as the specific field one decides to further withing the career path to becoming a civil engineer. The job opportunities are diverse as briefed above and the salary for a civil engineer with mid career experince is in the range or average of $80,000 per year.