Civil engineering degrees programs are some of the professional courses that are currently in high demand. This is due to vast career opportunities that are available for these engineers. Presently, civil engineers constitute approximately 17% of all the practicing and licensed engineers.
Civil Engineering Degrees Courses
Civil engineering degrees programs are designed to equip the engineering students with sound analytical and management skills. The course programs ensure that the engineers are adequately trained. The training ensures that they are able to apply scientific principles so as to offer perfect solutions in any of the projects they will be undertaking in the future. A civil engineer is expected to complete a four year bachelor degree program that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
Admission Requirements for Civil Engineering Degrees Programs
Most of the universities require that you must have good grades in Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Chemistry to be admitted to a civil engineering course. Other subjects that you need to work on are Geography, Computer Science and English. These subjects will enable you to have a due advantage over other candidates seeking admission for this engineering course.
Civil Engineering Degree Course Work and Licensing
Civil engineering course work integrates class work with research studies in engineering labs and field activities. Principal courses covered in these programs include Trigonometry, Algebra, Geometry, Technical drawing and Design, Calculus, Physics, Chemistry and Engineering Systems. Other topics that you will cover during the course are Fluid dynamics, Principles of Design and Analysis, Technical Project Management and Computer Science.
It is a requirement that you must be licensed before you start practicing as a civil engineer. The first examination that you have to pass before you are allowed to practice is the Fundamental of Engineering Examination administered by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES). After passing this exam, you will be required for a period of four years under the supervision of a licensed engineer before you sit another professional examination. The second examination: Principles of Engineering Examination for Civil Engineers qualifies you for a civil engineers license.
Civil Engineering Specialties
To specialize in any engineering specialty, you must undertake a graduate program. Some of the engineering specialties that you can opt after passing your bachelor’s degree program are:
- Environmental Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Construction Materials Engineering
- Construction Engineering and Management
- Structural Engineering
Civil Engineering Career Opportunities
Most of the infrastructure and government technical projects are managed by civil engineers. Apart from being employed by Federal and State Government, civil engineers are absorbed in the private sector, research institutes and employed to lecture in the universities. This is as a result of need for more amenities for the ever growing population across the globe. The engineers are required to build new roads, design new estates, water mains, schools, industries and repair damaged or worn-out infrastructure.
Potential Salaries For Engineers
After hard work in college, you expect to get a good employment and attractive pay package. Civil engineers are one of the highly paid professionals across the globe and more so in the United States of America. Due to intense competition and demand for engineers in the labor market the salaries for civil engineers widely varies. However, with the information available at The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (bls.gov), the average annual salaries for civil engineers in 2010 were $77,560. The current estimate reveals that the highest paid civil engineers earn approximately $119,320 annually. While their lowest paid counterparts, earns slightly below $50,560 annually. This scenario is most likely to change drastically as the need for the engineers upsurge due to natural disasters and other already mentioned developments.
Opting for this career path is a smart dedication. All it requires is adequate preparation as it is quite involving and demand for a creative mind set to succeed.