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Almost all modern day pioneers of technology and innovation have thorough understanding of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics. These broad disciplines are collectively called STEM and don’t refer to a single curriculum or subject. This means any student who majors in a subjects from the disciplines of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics from K12 through college can be said to be a STEM student. Apart from the love of the subjects, the primary reason to get an education in STEM is the ease of securing a job.

STEM graduates have a higher probability to secure a high paying job. This is primarily because every major industry in America requires a healthy number of STEM workforce. This results in a high demand for STEM graduates. To top it all off only 6 percent of the current workforce in America have a STEM major. This is why most STEM majors easily secure a high paying job compared to the rest. STEM is a very broad term which consists of thousands of specialized fields from food science to aerospace engineering giving students a lot of freedom to choose the subjects they wish to pursue. The following are the 10 best STEM majors that offer great opportunities and earning potential.

1) Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering is high paying career. The job of a petroleum engineer involves finding new sources of oil and examining and experimenting with oil samples. It can also involve developing new gadgets for extraction and processing of oil. Average pay of a newly appointed petroleum engineer is around $98,000 a year, making it one of the highest paid professions in this list.

2) Computer Science

People interested in developing new software to solve problems should definitely think of pursuing a degree in computer science. Apart from developing software a computer science graduate is also expected to solve computing problems and develop new computing methods to address industry based challenges. An average computer science graduate gets a starting salary of $63,000.

3) Applied Mathematics

Applied mathematics is the science of applying mathematics to solve industry based problems. This study focuses on practical application of mathematics that can be utilized in the fields of science, business, and engineering. A newly appointed applied mathematician can take home $50,800 per year.

4) Informational Technology

Information technology is one of the most commonly studied fields. This is also one of the most misunderstood fields. Some people think people who pass information technology have a future in working for BPOs. However, IT is the application of computer technology and communication devices to store, receive, and edit data. IT specialists can work for any medium to large sized business enterprise. An information technology graduate gets around $49,700 per year.

5) Aerospace Engineering

Student interested to be part of the development teams that build spacecrafts and aircrafts has to have a degree of aerospace engineering. There are two types of aerospace engineers ones that develop aircrafts who are called aeronautical engineers and ones that develop spacecrafts who are known as astronautical engineers. An Aerospace engineer gets a starting salary of $62,000. However, the thrill of creating vehicles that venture into space is much more than the excitement of money.

6) Actuarial Mathematics

Students with a knack in mathematics and problem solving can choose a degree in actuarial mathematics. In layman’s terms actuarial mathematics is used to assess risk for insurance and finance sectors using mathematics. These professionals help financial institutions to form new policies and provide risk assessment for the future. With an average starting salary of $56,000, a newly appointed actuarial mathematician usually gets paid more than an applied mathematician.

7) Telecommunications

The study of using technology to communicate over a distance is called telecommunications studies. Several universities offer courses and degrees on the subject. A telecommunication graduate takes home around $41,000 per year.

8) Microbiology

If a student is interested in studying micro organisms and disease causing microbes using a microscope then he or she should definitely pursue microbiology. From finding possible cures and developing vaccines to studying newly discovered microbes, the job role of a microbiologist varies according to industry. A starting level microbiologist takes home around $39,000.

9) Food Science

One of newer studies is the study of food. Food scientists use modern day gadgets and equipments to study the safety and nutritive quality of different food items. They also device new methods of processing and preserving food items to ensure the quality of consumed food. Food scientists are also responsible for developing new food items and choosing packing materials to keep them fresh for an extended period of time. A newly appointed food scientist typically takes home $44,000 for a year of their service.

10) Software Engineering

The job role of a programmer and a software engineer is quite similar as both of these professionals develop new software. However, a software engineer uses an engineering approach to solve and develop programs. Anyone interested in developing new software should take an in depth look at software engineering degrees. Software engineers are highly sought after and typically get $60,000 a year as their starting salary.

These are the top 10 STEM majors going through 2014 and into 2015 according to their earning potential and career outlook.

an engineer at work

Engineering is a discipline, profession, and art that usually applies scientific theory to develop, design and analyze technological solutions. Engineering is a far-reaching field that consists of a number of dissimilar specialties. Most of these specialties have their own educational requirements and each one has its own intricacies and specific knowledge required. If you know the different categories of engineering that you can pursue at your college or university, it will help you to figure out the right degree to pursue so you can reach your goals. The following is a list of the various engineering degrees.

an engineer at workList of Engineering Degrees

Electrical Engineering – Electrical engineers develop, design and test electrical systems. The systems include wiring and lighting in buildings, machines, communication systems, electrical utilities and electrical systems in airplanes and cars. This is the largest field in engineering. Learners who fancy learning how things work, disassembling some electronics and then putting them back together would do well to investigate this particular specialty. [Read More: Types of Electrical Engineering Degrees]

Mechanical Engineering – Mechanical engineers produce and design machines and engines. Many work in aerospace and the automotive industry. They can also work with other machinery like refrigerators, air conditioners, robotics and elevators. The mechanical engineering curriculum looks a lot like an aerospace degree, except classes have broader subjects. [Read More: Types of Mechanical Engineering Degrees]

Aerospace Engineering – A popular branch of mechanical engineering is aerospace engineering. This branch deals specifically with aspects of slight and air and spacecraft.

Automotive Engineering – Another branch of mechanical engineering that people love is automotive engineering. As one might imagine, this branch deals with various forms of wheeled vehicles from motorcycles to big rigs.

Biomedical Engineering – Professionals in this type of engineering center on studying life-based formulae by working with chemistry, genetics and the mechanics of living organisms. Thus, if you are very passionate about using microscopes and studying minute single celled organisms, you might want to pursue this four year degree program.

Architectural Engineering – This arena of engineering focuses on the design and conceptualization of structures like residential homes, bridges, commercial skyscrapers and pretty much any structure. If you would like to enroll for this degree program, you must not only center on designing buildings that are structurally sound, but also know how to tailor their designs in order to meet particular environmental and aesthetic prerequisites. Learners should expect to meet given aesthetic and environmental requirements. In addition, they should expect to receive at least three and half years for graduate and undergraduate schooling to acquire a degree in architectural engineering.

Agricultural Engineering – Even though this type of engineering degree is uncommon, it is rapidly growing among engineering students who are eco-conscious. This degree program will offer you the skills to design implements and outbuildings for farms and handling facilities. If you are interested in working in the green movement, agricultural engineering will offer you the opportunity in a different way than working in alternative energy.

Computer Engineering – These degree trains you to design software and hardware that helps in the development of computers. You will gain a solid understanding of computer and circuitry science, while also learning some major elements of electrical engineering. This will enable to students to select either electrical or computer engineering jobs upon graduation. Even though this 4 to 6 year degree is normally seen as extremely rigorous and difficult, it is in high demand among telecommunications, software and hardware design firms on a global scale.

Civil Engineering – These engineers build roads, buildings, highways, sewage systems, tunnels and many other transportation and construction connected structures. They engage in every aspect of a construction project including safety review, cost estimation, federal regulations and environmental issues. It also has sub-disciplines like construction, structural, geotechnical, transportation and environmental. Those who are interested in things like city planning might find that this degree suits their desires.

Architectural Engineering – Related to civil engineering, you have architectural engineering. This degree incorporates much of the same things as the above degree, with a focus on structures.

Mining Engineering – Mining engineers, as you might imagine, design mines. Some scrutinize underground materials, others design equipment and others work on regulation and safety of the mines. Their purpose is to find the most efficient and safe ways to extract the raw materials that are used in industries around the world.

Nuclear Engineering – This kind of engineer uses knowledge regarding nuclear energy and radiation to construct devices that generate nuclear power. Most of them are employed with nuclear power plants while others work for academic institutions or governments. In nuclear power plants, engineers are responsible for the supervision and operation of the facilities along with maintaining radiation safety.

Chemical Engineering – Students fascinated in both physics and chemistry are best suited for this degree program. These engineers usually maintain and design chemical procedures in a number of roles across different industries. This type of engineer can work in agricultural firms or firms that manufacture pesticides, as well as medical and pharmaceutical companies.

You might also want to check out our list of best engineering degrees, which is arranged by highest income, and best future outlook.

Civil Engineering is a profession that deals with the design, construction, as well as the maintenance of the physical environment. It also includes the natural built environment with respect to works such as airports, bridges, canals, dams, institutional buildings, pipelines, roads, railways, residences and sewage systems. This is a profession within the public sector thats spans, from the municipal level, through to the national government, while within the private sector, from homeowners to international companies.

History of Civil Engineering

To get more insight about Civil Engineering as a profession or discipline, one needs to delve a little bit into it’s past. The history behind Civil Engineering is so great and it is believed to have begun between the era 4000 to 2000 BC. Not to bore you with te whole history, here are some facts about Civil Engineering.

Civil Engineering as a Discipline

Civil engineering entails the application of physical and scientific principles in sovling problems through history. It’s advancement can be linked to Physics and Mathematics all through history. This in turn brings or brought about sub disciplines of Civil Engineering making it a very wide profession. Some of the sub-disciplines include the study and knowledge of environment, geography, geology, material science, mechanics, hydrology, structures, soils and many others to date.

Some early works such as the Archmedes Principles relating to Bouyancy are example of Civil Engineering with scientific approach to Physics and Manthematics.

Civil Engineering as a Profession

Thinking of how to become a Professional Civil Engineer? Look no further, cause here in is more detail concerning the same. Recognizing Civil Engineering as a profession at around the year 1828, there has been a great history behind it. From ancient times when man started creating shelter then divded into transporation with the onvention of the wheel and to date where there is even no clear distinction between a Civil Engineer and an Architect. With terms such as Engineer and Architect being used interchangably, you will only realize the difference with the geographical variations reffering to the same occupation.

Still as a profession, the discipline is the second oldest after military engineering and in the 18th century, the term was used to distinguish it non-military to military engineering.


Here is where one whill learn how to become a Professional Civil Engineer and more so, some of the major disciplines one can pertake on their journey in life while undertaking the course. These are the many different career opportunities one can specialize in.

Studies for Civil Engineering in the past tarted at Diploma level. Within these current times, and in most countires, the Bachelor’s degree is what represents the first step into becoming a professional civil engineer. This is through professional certification and approval by a certain professional body for the undertaken degree program. This means, that after completing the Bachelor’s degree, one must satisfy a certain requirements before being certified as a prfoessional enginer. Once certified, they can then be designated as Professional Engineers.

There are some international agreements which peratin to how professional engineers will practice across national borders. These are bound by certain professional bodies.

Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering

There are many job opportunities for one who has done a Civil Engineering course. These jobs will depend on what one feels comfortable doing, thus they can further in the specific discipline and still be reffered to as a Civil Engineer. The sub-disciplines listed below are within the broad field of civil enginering and they include

  • Coastal Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Forensic Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Material Science and Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Surveying – This may either include, Land Surveying or Construction Surveying
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Municipal or Urban Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Civil Engineering systems

While a General Civil Engineering is focused on some of the aspects of both the physical and natural built environment as mentioned before, General Civil Engineers works cloesly with Surveyors and certain Specialized Civil Engineers to in the designing of communications and electric supply, dams, drainage, grading, pavement, sewer service, water supply and in regard to many more specialized sectors of the field of civil engineering. This therefore make the term general civil engineer reffer to site engineer, which is a branch of civil engineering focused on conversion of a tract of land for the utilization of another purpose.

Civil Engineering Salary

This is a matter that will majorly depend on the geographical location as well as the specific field one decides to further withing the career path to becoming a civil engineer. The job opportunities are diverse as briefed above and the salary for a civil engineer with mid career experince is in the range or average of $80,000 per year.

I’m sure by now you have heard a million times about petroleum Engineering. This a special field of Engineering which is involved with practices concerned with the production of carbons, specifically hydrocarbons which are in turn used as natural gas or crude oil. Scientists usually explore the earth’s surface as well the petroleum engineers which are oil and gas industries. These are the disciplines whose aim is to increase the hydrocarbon from their reservoirs. Petroleum engineering main area of focus is on how to recover these natural resources using a good knowledge of the behavior of water, oil, and gas which are located in the rocks at pressure.

How to become a Petroleum Engineer


First, you have to take high school courses in trigonometry, mathematics and calculus and science courses such as Physics, Biology, and Chemistry.

At the entry level, you will need to have a bachelor’s degree. The Bachelor’a degree, in this case, takes 4 years including laboratory, classroom, as well as field studies. Field studies include thermodynamics, geology, and engineering principles.

In most cases, some universities and colleges offer programs where students can have practical experiences as they finish their education. Others offer a five-year program in mechanical or chemical engineering which will lead to a degree and a master’s degree. For some employers, they would prefer those applicants with a graduate degree. The benefit of a graduate degree is that it allows you to get a job in universities or research fields as an instructor.

  • Here are some important qualities and skills needed for a successful petrol engineering career.
  • Problem-solving skills – As an engineer, you need to have good skills in solving problems, hence becoming more reliable.
  • Creativity – Creativity involves coming up with freshly created ideas in solving engineering problems.
  • Analytical skills – petroleum engineers must come up with ideas that make sense.
  • Maths skills – you need maths skills such as geometry, calculus among others.
  • Interpersonal skills -These are your own skills when in the engineering field of work. You need to be dynamic in all areas.

Best Universities in the World Offering Petroleum engineering

  • The University Of Tulsa – School of petroleum engineering
  • University of Aberdeen (UK)
  • Department of Petroleum Engineering (Leoben, Austria)
  • Colorado School of Mines
  • University of Oklahoma (the normal campus)
  • Texas University- Department of Petroleum Engineering
  • The Louisiana State University
  • Pennsylvania University
  • Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • West Virginia University
  • Delft University of Technology (Netherlands)
  • Polytechnic University of Turin (Italy)

Careers, Jobs, and Salaries in Petroleum Engineering

The median annual earnings for these type of engineers is $128,230. The lowest % is about 73,000 while the highest being $208,000. Here are the median earnings for petroleum engineers:

Jobs and their average salary in the U.S.

Management companies enterprises – $153,320

Engineering services – $140,500

Gas and Oil extraction – $134,440

Coal products and Petroleum manufacturing – $123,580

Support activities in Mining – $106,340

Employment of the petroleum engineers has been projected to grow by 15% in the coming 10 years. However, because it is a small occupation, this fast growth will bring about 4,900 new jobs in a span of 10 years. Here, the major determinant of employment will be the oil prices. this is because many of these engineers work in gas and oil extraction and any changes in process affect their employment levels.

Here, mining activities also need to be strong. This is because, Gas and oil companies will be glad to contract production as well as drilling work to these companies.

Careers Related To Petroleum Engineering

Architectural and Engineering managers-Their work is to plan and direct as well well as coordinating engineering and architectural companies.

Chemical Engineers – They design important processes for large-scale manufacturing companies.

Civil Engineers – They design, supervise, operate, and construct infrastructure projects

Geological Technicians – Provide the needed support to scientists in the exploration and extraction of natural resources.

Geoscientists – They study physical components of the earth and processes from the past, present, and the future.

Industrial engineers – They are supposed to eliminate any time of waste in the production process.

In conclusion, petroleum engineering is a great field to be especially since it is more involved with future projects. This field pays really well with an average person getting around $126,000 annually which is a good amount of money. It is a career that needs a lot of time and dedication also. But in the end, the results will always turn out to favor you. It is a great career to be in.

Audio engineering is one of the many fields in engineering which involves the study of sound production using processes such as live recording and balancing and making adjustments to the sound sources by use of various means such as audio effects, equalization, reproduction, mixing, editing and sound reinforcement.

Audio/sound engineers are far much different from audio technicians. The technicians mainly operate the audio machines in concert halls, recording facilities, and etcetera. Although they may be highly skilled, there’s no way they can be regarded as audio engineers. An audio-engineer possesses a lot of skills required to train sound technicians, set-up the entire audio system, and direct the basic control settings. Some audio technicians consider studying engineering to become audio engineers.

Audio engineers are found in a wide variety of working stations such as film studios, radio stations, recording studios, and etcetera. This guide focuses on audio engineering as a profession, how to become an audio engineer, and various careers and jobs available in the field.

How to Become an Audio Engineer

There’re various ways of becoming an audio-engineer such as acquiring a hands-on experience by working with sound professionals, developing the traits of engineers, and getting an education.

Education or acquiring a degree is considered the most assured way of becoming an audio engineer. The following are the qualities you must possess in order to become one of the best audio engineers in the world.

  • Communication Skills – You must become a successful communicator since you’ll be working with many different kinds of people with contrasting personalities on a regular basis.
  • Flexible and Committed – You must be ready to work long hours including weekends and nights as most engineers do.
  • Humility and Perseverance – You must learn to find fulfillment in your own work rather than welcoming praises from people every time you do good work.

Although you can learn through experience from professional engineers, getting a degree from a university is the best thing you can do since it shows your dedication and enthusiasm towards learning. Additionally, it indicates that you’re trained to work with different audio software such as those used to edit and mix music.

Audio Engineering Education & Schools


To become an audio-engineer, you need to pursue a Bachelor’s or Associate’s degree in Audio-Engineering as it’ll prepare you to become a master sound engineer. Moreover, the course will help you get a suitable job of your choice in one of the best companies.

Some of the programs you need to take within the course include:

  • Music Fundamentals, Theory, and Acoustics
  • Recording Production
  • Audio Signal Processing
  • Editing and Mixing Sound
  • Studio Operations
  • Live Sound Production
  • Digital Sound Design

To be eligible for a bachelors or associates degree in audio-engineering, you must have at least a high-school diploma, and a GED-certificate or its equivalent. Having a good understanding of music and technology and strong skills in mathematics is an added advantage.


The following are the top 7 best universities/colleges to study audio engineering programs. Note that the bachelors or associates degree program takes a minimum duration of four years. The schools include:

  • Middle Tennessee State University
  • New York University-Steinhardt
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • Berklee College of Music
  • University of Massachusetts-Lowell
  • The Los Angeles Film School
  • Georgia Institute of Technology

Apart from audio-engineering, other famous courses offered in the schools above include BS (Audio production), M.F.A (Master of Fine Arts) in Recording Arts & Technology, BS (Music Technology), A.A.S in Recording Arts, BS (Audio Technology), and etcetera. In addition, various research programs, as well as Pro-Tools software skills, are provided.

Careers Offered In Audio Engineering

There’re many careers in the audio engineering department since audio engineers are highly trained to work with many tools and equipment concerning the sound systems. As a major in this field, you’ll study everything regarding studio environment including production skills, recording methods, MIDI systems, and loudspeaker designs, digital editing, and acoustics.

This will lead to the development of the following careers:

  • Sound Engineer
  • Production Assistant
  • Mastering Engineer
  • Acoustic Consultant
  • Audio Equipment Technician
  • Broadcast Technician
  • Live Sound Engineer

Jobs & Salary in Audio Engineering


An audio-engineer can work in many different places that work on sound production. Some usually help music and record producers to achieve the best kind of sound they’re hoping for. For instance, by adding some artificial sounds to a track, or joining parts of a song together. Most of them are even employed directly as music producers.

Many audio engineering jobs are found in:

  • Television Studios
  • Theatres
  • Event, Band and Tour Crews
  • Opera Houses
  • Auditoriums
  • Conference centers
  • Government Officers

Where these people work depend on their experience, salary requirement, personality, subfield, location, and work ethic. Across the world, there’re many jobs for audio engineers.


In 2011, the Bureau of Labor-Statistics to the US indicated that the highest paid sound engineer earned an annual average amount of $56,100. In 2016, the majority of Sound and Broadcast engineers are found to earn an average of $42,745 per year.

In India, a sound-engineer earns an average pay of Rs. 200 hourly. On average, this amounts to Rs. 357630 per year. In Malaysia, the pay for an audio-engineer is about RM 40999 on average per year.

Audio Engineering is one of the great courses in engineering technology that you need to consider pursuing. Compared to other engineering courses, it has a wider range of job opportunities and guarantees your employment immediately you finish the course. For those who have ever wished to become music producers or audio/sound designers, this is one of the courses worth learning.

Civil Engineering is abroad profession subdivided into several sub disciplines with handful types of civil engineering jobs. This field deals with construction, design and maintenance of built structures. The profession is practiced both in the public and in private sector. Civil engineer qualification requires a minimum of 4-year degree and a formal licensure to practice. The common civil engineer works are the structural designs and the construction sector. The group of engineers here are under constant pressure to offer their services in the ever-demanding structures, buildings and common constructions, which people use daily.

Here is the list of common types of civil engineering jobs in this industry

Transport engineering – involves building structures such as bridges, tunnels and freeway interchanges to facilitate flow of traffic while allowing expansion and other higher use of traffic structures.

Water treatment engineering– involves sewage plants, fresh and wastewater delivery system and even water dam’s development.

Structural engineering – involves an analysis and design of buildings and nonbuilding structures. This is the most wide and most common civil engineering discipline. This specialty lays emphasis on structural integrity, function and safety.

Environmental engineering – involves remediation of contaminated environment due to pollution caused by chemical, biological or thermal waste. This sub-discipline is also known as sanitary engineering and included assessing the environment for the effect of proposed actions such as hazardous waste disposal.

Geotechnical engineering – this area involves the rock and the soil where civil structures are standing. This civil engineering niche design foundations and retaining walls with the help of geology, material science and testing knowledge.

Constructions engineering – involves executing structural and civil designs including transportation, environmental, geotechnical and site developments. Construction engineering doubles up as civil engineering logisticians, contract reviewers and monitoring market prices for constructions supplies. Construction engineers are ever on high demand and always have regular jobs with the best remuneration in this industry.

Control engineering – involves designing and creating systems with desired behaviors. This field applies sensors to measure the desired output performance without human presence. The best example of control engineering is space flight equipment and explorations.

Municipal or urban engineering – involves cities and towns infrastructures designs. It includes, designing , construction and maintaining streets sidewalks and lighting system, water and sewer supply systems, solid waste and disposal management, electricity and telecommunications networks, public transport services networks and bus stations.

Coastal engineering – is usually a civil engineering discipline concerned with management of coastal areas for flooding and erosion.

Forensic engineering – involves investigating the materials, structures and components that fail to work as intended. These materials or structures might cause injury or damage property and the law of liability comes in here. This discipline isn’t a preserve of structures because it is the discipline behind investigating process and procedures that cause machinery and automotive failures.

A job in civil engineering however requires high concentration and heavy investment in mathematics and science. Additionally, all types of civil engineering jobs require a degree and a license. However, having a postgraduate qualification makes you a much more attractive candidate in the civil engineering industry.

The field of engineering experienced a swift rise since two or three decades. Students are sometimes overwhelmed with the options when it comes to choosing the exact line or the area of subject to choose for honing in on a career. Below is a list of engineering jobs that can help to understand the skills required for particular type of engineering subject.

A/C Engineer or Air Conditioning Engineer – This job is specially designed for people who are interested in working for climate control or work related to mechanics. They will have to design or service the parts of the air conditioners.

Aeronautic Engineer – Interested in air planes and space? Aeronautic engineering helps in leading to a job that will require designing, building and working on the science of aircrafts.

Animatronics Engineer – It is a type of job wherein the engineer will be asked to apply skills by using technology in constructing mechanized creatures and beings with special effects.

Architectural Engineers – This type of professional has to deal with the structure of the houses, offices and various other buildings. They will have to apply scientific and mathematical skills here.

AutoCAD Designing Engineer – An AutoCAD designing engineering job has to look forward to industries that include, construction, interior designing. This type of job has to design images in two dimensional or three dimensional, as per the provided instructions using an AutoCAD tool.

Bioengineer – Bio-engineers are used to develop various kind of medical instruments by researching and implementing the sciences of biological science.

Biomedical Engineer – Bio-medical engineering jobs are a blend of the biological field and medical field. They are made to work for solving health and medical related problems.

Biological Engineer – Biological engineering jobs solely depend on agricultural engineering jobs or other biological specialization such as soil, water, natural vegetation, etc.

Building Designing Engineer – This job is related to the architectural field. However, this job involves the designing of the buildings exclusively which includes systematic drawings, mathematics, science, etc.

Car Designing Engineer – A Car Designing Engineering job is a big part of the automobile industry, as you might imagine. It involves designing of the cars in different shapes and making it look different from the rest.

Civil Engineer – The job of a civil engineer is not solely tied to buildings. They can help in planning and building roads, parking lots, bridges along with houses, buildings, etc.

Computer Engineer – Computer engineering jobs is closely related to software engineering. They will have to work on different programs and languages to build databases and the online system which is widely used in the current era.

Electrical Engineer – This type of job believes in people who are used with using the electricity. The maintenance, repairing of various electronics appliances is done by electrical engineering. Few jobs of such streams also include designing new technologies of electrical field.

Environmental Engineer – The jobs of environmental engineers is to keep a close look on the environment. The natural habitat, global warming, the atmosphere and similar other areas are the areas of consideration for these people.

Flight Engineer – Skilled people are required in this kind of job of Flight Engineer. They will have to make sure that the flying is made safe. They can be called as the third party of the crew of the cockpit.

Industrial Engineer – These engineers have to work on the manufacturing process, operations related to assembly line, supply chain of the products and its quality and efficiency.

Instrumentation Engineer – Instrumentation Engineering jobs are made for instrumentation engineers who are interested in developing list of instruments in many different fields.

Marine Engineer – This type of jobs requires people who can help in designing, constructing, maintaining and supporting the recreational and naval vessels, equipments and various other things those are required in the marine field.

Petroleum Engineer – Petroleum engineering jobs likes skilled people who can locate the deposits of petroleum. They have to work with a team of people to develop cost effective and efficient methods to recover petrol from the deposits

Robotics Engineer – As the name suggests, robotics engineers are mainly used to design and develop robots that can be used for commercial, industrial or personal use.

There seems an endless list to enlist the types of engineering jobs for the future engineers. One will have to choose the area of his interest and the type of work they will have to do in the future with respect to the chosen field. The above list briefly describes the job profile for the engineering jobs.

Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering. It is the broadest largest and oldest of all the others in the engineering discipline, and generally known as the mother of engineering. It focuses on design, development and understanding of mechanical things

Its origins focused on the purely mechanical, like the development of machines, but with time evolved to a broad discipline which touches on many other areas of engineering. A mechanical engineer is capable of designing, building, testing and producing any device or machine. From integrated circuits to robots, to power stations and race car, the discipline is on the radical stage of technology.

Mechanical engineering is a big and varied subject with these sub-disciplines:

Types of Mechanical Engineering

Acoustical engineering – the engineers manipulate and control vibrations, and work on minimizing unnecessary sounds in any process or system.

Aerospace engineering – this type deals with design and construction of aircraft.

Manufacturing engineering – these engineers deal with study and analysis of various manufacturing practices. It handles research and development of machine tools, machines, parts, systems, processes, products and processes.

Thermal engineering – it deals with heating and cooling processes, equipment or environment. The engineers are taught to maintain any system at most favourable conditions or temperature.

Production engineering – engineers in this speciality handle tools and techniques used by manufacturing industries.

Vehicle engineering (automotive and naval architecture engineering) – engineers here deal with studies related to design, manufacture and functioning of systems that run and control vehicles.

All these different specialization in mechanical engineering can be classified under 6 discrete types of mechanical engineers based on the individual’s knowledge and skills.

Types of Mechanical Engineers

Design engineers – these engineers control or are the engine of mechanical engineering. They are concerned with formation of mechanical systems and come up with designs that meet particular requirements. They are proficient in CAD {computer-aided design} software programs and capable of taking a design from theoretical sketch through a fully developed machine drawing to a solid model animation of mechanical systems.

Manufacturing engineers – they take the designs formulated by design engineers and develop a manufacturing processes and equipment to produce the designed product. They aim at balancing production quality with the cost of production and time.

Analysis engineers – they take the concept designed by design engineer and try to understand their performance. They make use of several software tools to assess the mechanical designs, as well as fluid dynamics modelling systems, finite element analysis and other simulation products in order to determine the behaviour of the design under normal and extreme working conditions.

Testing engineers – part of what they do is the same as what an analysis engineer does, the difference being that they focus on evaluating the actual product performance contrary to digital representation of the product. They possess an intimate understanding of data, acquisition system, sensors, development of test fixtures and design of experiments so as to characterize the product performance accurately under normal and extreme conditions.

Management – these are managers with engineering background and therefore perfectly understand each team member functions. They manage design, development and manufacture process, including making decisions on crucial maters.

Engineering professors – these engineers are mostly found in schools {colleges and universities}, and teach bachelor and master degree students in mechanical engineering. They possess advanced degree in specialities like fluid and thermal dynamics. Many also act as consultants {on a contract basis} to industries on various projects or author engineering books.

Civil engineering is a discipline that most of us fail to understand what it entails. While most of us tend to associate it with roads, bridges, dams and buildings, it should be remembered that it is a wide field that comprises various options. It is a major facet of culture and society.

Civil engineering has come a long way. It did not develop recently since there are various historical phenomena and creations that borrow from civil engineering. Examples of historical civil engineering designs include the pyramids of Egypt.

Civil Engineers Types

As mentioned in the introduction, civil engineering is a collective term that can be subdivided. Basically, there are up to 6 types of civil engineers which include:

Structural Engineers

Structural engineers focus mainly on analysis and design of structures like buildings, bridges. They analyze how such structures can hold up to environmental factors like floods, winds and earthquakes. A structural engineer is also supposed to understand the properties of materials that are used in constructions. This is the reason why they are resorted to as consultants when it comes to selection of building and construction materials.

Geotechnical Engineers

A geotechnical engineer is trained to incorporate science and technology in the creation of projects and finding of solutions to problems that relate to geology. They focus of construction projects such as tunnels, mines, embankments as well as structural foundations. Such engineers are expected to have vast knowledge of the soils in the construction sites.

Environmental Engineers

An environmental engineer analyses environmental problems and goes ahead to develop and create solutions to such problems. This field combines the study of disciplines such as science mathematics, hydrology and atmospheric sciences. The core tasks of an environmental engineer include:

  • Solid waste management
  • Treatment of water sources
  • Improvement of air and water quality

Water Resources Engineer

A water resources engineer seeks to improve the quantity and quality of water resources and water. He/she should have sufficient knowledge in meteorology, environmental science and fluid dynamics. These engineers concentrate primarily on flood and storm water analysis, ground water remediation, water supply and planning, wastewater treatment procedures. The also focus on control of soil erosion.

Construction Engineers

Basically, construction engineers are entrusted with management tasks. To begin with, every civil engineering project involves a construction. For instance, a building needs to be erected, a road needs to be laid. All such projects are managed by construction engineers.

Transportation Engineers

A transportation engineer is responsible for the design, construction and maintenance of railways, highways, ports, airfields and several other structures that facilitate transportations. A part from that, they also help in improving the control of traffic by coming up with new methods and ways of controlling traffic. The engineers are also vested with the duty of developing new methods of transportation as well as ways of improving mass transportation.

From the explanations given above, it is clear that civil engineering cannot be generalized to mean one thing. It comprises various fields with persons who carry out distinct functions.

A recent study has shown that out of every ten students opting for science in their high school, six prefer engineering as a viable career option. The reason may or may not be the high salary package that one gets after completing the course, since there are various other factors that goes behind making engineering a favorite subject as well. Some of these factors include the overall study pattern that interests students over other science subjects, the diversity of courses and the immense opportunity of the subject in the present time as well as the future.

Taking about the diversified course that engineering offers, there are more than twenty types of engineers. So in case you are planning to vie for engineering as a future, here are the various available engineering fields:

List of Engineer Types

Aerospace Engineers

These engineers develop, design and create air rafts including missiles, rockets and other machines. Think of anything related to space and the aerospace engineers can make it for you.

Aeronautical Engineers

The work of aeronautical engineers are the same as that of aerospace engineers since they have the same work profile and are supposed to focus on designing the layout of aero space crafts and then modeling, creating and completing the entire operations.

Mineral Engineers

They basically deal with everything related to minerals like metallurgy, petrol and mineral extractions and then processing them to the end products.

Agricultural Engineers

The work relates to these engineers is pertaining to combining engineering skills with agricultural products.

Photonic Engineers

They study photons and research about their assimilation, dissimilation and properties.

Biomedical Engineers

As the name suggests, this area deals with the combination of engineering with medical science and works towards prevention and diagnosis of various ailments. Here the engineers are interested in finding out new ways in which human health can be improved.

Mechanical Engineers

These engineers primarily design mechanical equipments and then process, strategies, manufacture and test them for verification basis.

Civil Engineers

These engineers deal with the construction of buildings and roads including skyscrapers, dams and bridges. Apart from the construction, they are the main had behind planning the entire process, executing them and then maintaining them.

Communication Engineers

They generally deal with implementation and formulation of techniques to communication systems as well as networks.

Chemical Engineers

They basically deal with the manufacture of products used for manufacturing chemicals and then testing them. These engineers are not specialized in a particular field, but work wherever they adapt to well like clothing sector, food sector, service sectors and others.

Environmental Engineers

They basically develop products that are necessary for environmental sustainability. They make products that are ecologically friendly and help make Earth a better place.

Sustainable Design Engineers

These engineers carve out products that are needed for sustainable development and work like the environmental engineers.

Electronic Engineers

These engineers develop electrical equipments and then manufacture them. Their related area is anything that is required by human being and works with electricity.

Food Engineers

They steer their area of study to development of engineering attributions to raw food and their packaging and distribution.

Biomechanical Engineers

They deal with machines and human bodies and assimilate and carve out products based on the body movements of human beings.

System Engineers

They combine various technologies together to create a series of products using various engineering tools and stimulate and models equipments, processing them into complex products including chip designs, robotics, etc.

Computer Software Engineers

They assimilate the role of mathematics, computers and science into one to generate new ideas and design various system applications for the computer. They are also liable for testing and using the product.

Oil Engineers

They study and research about oil reserves and work towards their exploration and development.

Computer Hardware Engineers

These engineers deal in everything related to computer hardware materials right from processing them to installing them.

Nuclear Engineers

The engineers work in relation to nuclear radiations and nuclear energy resources and utilize radioactive substances so that they can be used evasively. These engineers are practically needed in nuclear plants and have to do a lot of research on nuclear related matters like waste disposition, resource allocation and others.

Engineering is an area of immense opportunity and has variety of options to choose from. But instead of going with the crowd, a student must keep in mind the subjects he is more interested in and wishes to devote his career to. With so much to offer, engineering is definitely one of the most lucrative subjects offering an array of career opportunities to deserving students.

Engineering is a popular course to a lot of students. It is hard for students to choose which type of engineering major to take due to its various types. There are so many types of engineering majors today. If you are planning to take an engineering course, you have to make sure that you know these different types to select properly which one would suit you well. Below are list of some popular types of engineering.

Aerospace Engineering

This is for those who wanted to make things fly. This involves designing and construction of spacecraft, aircraft, rockets, satellites and missiles. The application of this type of engineering is not only limited to aircrafts but could also extend to trains, ships, racing cars and more. In aerospace engineering, you could be part of the space telescope development that plays a very significant role when it comes to cosmological discoveries. You could also explore the life at the sea bottom with your knowledge on aerospace engineering.

Electrical Engineering

This is considered to be the most dynamic type of engineering. This type is mathematically oriented and involves various aspects of the electrical circuits, components and signals. With knowledge in electrical engineering one could incorporate electric devices into new technologies. The fun thing about this type of engineering is that you could develop components for anything that is run by electricity from the small digital cameras to the big rides in amusement parks. This field of engineering could also extend to robotics, medical imaging, wireless communications and other significant innovations.

Chemical Engineering

The heart of chemical engineering is transforming chemicals into a more useful product which could be useful to people. This transformation could be done either chemically or physically. Chemical engineers do their best to utilize chemical changes and hopefully produce useful products. Some of these products are fuels, fibers, fertilizers, medicines, paints and a lot more. This type of engineering also takes part of inventing greener and cleaner technologies. They aid in minimizing the environmental impact of chemicals.

Agricultural Engineering

It is really quite obvious that this type of engineering has something to do with agricultural production and processing. This type of engineering is best for people who live in an agricultural area since this could really help when it comes to proper and efficient processing, production, preservation and even marketing of agricultural products.

Computer Engineering

This field of engineering studies the construction and implementation of computers to the benefit of humankind. As we all know, computers play a very significant role in the development of our society and even development of the world. Without computers, advancement in technology would not be possible. Integration of computers to our daily lives have become rampant these days and this is due to the computer engineers who are always doing their best to provide us with opportunities to use computers for convenience and better productivity.

Different engineering principles had contributed a lot to the way people live and work. This simply shows how important engineering is these days. So for those who are planning to be in the engineering field, you will soon take part of responsibilities that could change how people live.

Civil engineering in most cases is concerned with bridges, dams, roads and buildings. This is actually the type of engineering that takes place in almost all levels; from the private sectors to national governments. There are several types of civil engineering which include:

Structural Engineering

Structural engineering incorporates the analysis and designing of various structures, for example the bridges and buildings. The main aim is to establish and ascertain whether these structures can be able to withstand the different types of environment factors, such as typhoons, high winds and even earthquakes. Structural engineering is done by the structural engineers who have to be well informed in the behavior and properties of the different kinds of materials that are used in the construction.

Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical engineering mainly depends on science and technology in creating projects and providing solutions to the problems that relates to geology. The construction projects incorporate pipelines, tunnels, levees, mines, structural foundation, stable slopes and embankments. The geotechnical engineer must possess the capability of understanding the soil conditions in absolutely all these types of scenarios because projects are bound to fail if the soil is not suitable. This type of engineering normally uses the rock and soil mechanics principles to assess the risks that the site conditions may have.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental engineering makes analysis of the problems especially the environmental ones and strive to generate solution to the problems. It puts together the study of mathematics, environmental science, biology, atmospheric science, engineering technology, chemistry and hydrology. The tasks carried out by the environmental engineers includes improving the quality of water and air, locating underground water sources and treating, management of solid waste and treating both the hazardous and non-hazardous substances.

Water Resources Engineering

Water resources engineering is aimed at improving quantity and the quality of the water sources and water. Meteorology, environmental science, fluid dynamics and hydrology all play a very crucial role in water resources engineering. The water resources engineers concentrate on storm water and food analysis, groundwater remediation, wetland protection, waste water treatment and water supply planning.

Construction Engineering

Each of the civil engineering projects has to incorporate construction. Construction engineers therefore manage tasks such as the erection of structures, digging of tunnels, construction of roads and building of the treatment plants. A construction engineer therefore provides the required support to the project managers and play a very crucial role in coming up with the scopes, designs and even the cost estimates for the planning and consequently the construction of the projects that have been approved. Although many skills are required for this type of engineering, the skills in math and science are the most important.

Transportation Engineering

Transportation engineering involves the process of designing, construction and maintenance of railways, highways, ports and the airfields. Transportation engineers researches and improves traffic controls as well as coming up with new ways of transportation, in an effort to ameliorate mass transportation. Simply put, transportation engineering aims at providing efficient, safe, comfortable, rapid, economical convenient and a movement of goods and people in such a manner that is much compatible with the environment.